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IV. School bus licence classes B and E
Daily inspection, classes B and E

A driver is not permitted to drive a bus, motor coach, school bus, or, a school-purposes vehicle unless the driver or another person has, within the previous 24 hours, conducted an inspection of the vehicle and completed an inspection report. The driver must continue to check all systems throughout the day for defects, because the condition of the vehicle can change. Both the driver and operator are responsible for the safe operating condition of the commercial motor vehicle. By staying alert, you can spot trouble before it causes a breakdown or collision.

The inspection is conducted in accordance with an inspection schedule. It provides a list of vehicle systems and components that the driver is required to inspect, and provides a list of defects to guide and assist the driver.

The schedule for the inspection depends upon the type of bus and its use, as follows:

Schedule 2: trailers towed by school purposes buses.

Schedule 5: yellow school buses, school-purposes buses.

The inspection schedule divides defects into two categories: major and minor. A major defect such as a flat tire and broken main leaf spring poses immediate safety risks, while minor defects may be less urgent (for example, broken clearance lamps and a damaged wiper blade). When a defect is identified, the driver must record the defect on the daily inspection report, inform the operator, and monitor the condition. Drivers are not permitted to operate a vehicle with a major defect.

A completed, signed daily inspection report is required even when no defect is found. Drivers must carry both the current inspection report and the applicable inspection schedule at all times. Electronic reports and schedules are permitted.

For the full inspection schedules outlining all major and minor defects, which all commercial vehicle drivers are required to complete daily, refer to the Ontario Regulation 199/07 “Commercial Motor Vehicle Inspections” in the Highway Traffic Act at For additional information on how to perform a daily inspection in accordance with Regulation 199/07, go to and type the following information into the search box: “Trucks and Buses, Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Safety Manual”. On the Trucks and Buses page, type “Module 8” in the search box.

Outside inspection

    • Alternating lights, front
    • Headlights (low and high beams) directional signals, parking and clearance lights
    • Windshield and wipers
    • Engine compartment: fluid levels, wiring, belts, hoses and hydraulic brake-fluid leaks (if so equipped)
    • Tires (retreads on rear wheels only)
    • Wheel nuts, hubs and fasteners
    • Exhaust system for leaks
    • Directional, stop tail and clearance lights
    • Emergency exit
    • Alternating lights, rear
    • Entrance door
    • Body condition and frame
    • Fuel system (tank, cap, and for leaks)
    • Signs (for cleanliness and legibility)
    • Stop arm and pedestrian student safety crossing arm
    • Coupling devices, if applicable
    • Cargo securement
    • Dangerous goods, if present
    • Suspension system
    • Air brakes for audible air leaks and push rod travel
    • Inspection stickers

Inside inspection

    • Steering wheel (for excessive freeplay)
    • Brake pedal reserve and fade
    • Brake booster operation
    • Brake-failure warning light
    • Parking brake operation
    • Brake air-pressure or vacuum gauge
    • Warning signal, low-air pressure/vacuum
    • Interior (for exhaust fumes)
    • Signal and hazard lights, switch and pilot
    • Alternating lights, switch and signal device
    • Interior lights
    • Windshield washer and wipers
    • Windshield and windows
    • Mirrors, adjustment and condition
    • Defroster and heaters
    • Horn Stop arm mechanism
    • Driver’s seatbelt and seat security
    • Service door and controls
    • Passenger’s seat security
    • Emergency exit and warning signal
    • Floor covering (tripping hazards)
    • Fire extinguisher
    • First-aid kit Flares or reflectors
    • Interior (for cleanliness)
    • Passenger seatbelts (if so equipped)
    • Driver controls (accelerator pedal, clutch and required gauges)
    • Passenger compartment (stanchion padding, damaged steps or floor, damaged or insecure overhead luggage rack or compartment)
    • Check accessibility/mobility devices and safety restraints, if applicable

Final check before driving onto the highway:

    • Driver’s seatbelt fastened
    • Drive forward and brake to a stop to test the service brake
    • Additional check of all gauges — heat, oil and vacuum, etc.
    • Complete log-book entry

Note: A bus (other than a motor coach) that has previously been used by the same owner as a school purposes bus, can be inspected using schedule 5, even on days when the bus is not being used for a school purposes trip.

Illustration of front and left side of a school bus

Diagram 1-2

Illustration of rear and right side of a school bus

Diagram 1-3