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III. Hours of service
 
Duty status
 

The rules define four categories of duty time for commercial vehicle drivers:

  • Off-duty time, other than time spent in a sleeper berth
  • Off-duty time spent in a sleeper berth
  • On-duty time spent driving
  • On-duty time, other than time spent driving

On-duty activities include driving, as well as performing any other activities for the operator, such as: inspecting, cleaning or repairing your vehicle; travelling as a co-driver (not including when in sleeper berth); loading and unloading the vehicle; waiting at inspections for unloading or loading to be completed; or because of an unforeseen occurrence such as an accident.

These four categories are used to determine the minimum off-duty hours required and the maximum on-duty hours allowed for commer­cial vehicle drivers.