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III. Dealing with emergencies
 
In a collision where someone is injured
 

St. John Ambulance recommends that all drivers carry a well-stocked first-aid kit and know how to use it. School buses must be equipped with a first-aid kit. Consider reading a book about first aid or taking a course. It could mean the difference between life and death in a collision.

Every driver involved in a collision must stay at the scene or return to it immediately and give all possible assistance. If you are not personally involved in a collision, you should stop to offer help if police or other officials have not arrived.

In a collision with injuries, possible fuel leaks or serious vehicle damage, stay calm and follow these steps:

  1. Call for help or have someone else call. By law, you must report any collision to the police when there are injuries or damage to vehicles or other property exceeding $2,000.
  2. Turn off all engines and turn on emergency flashers. Set up warning signals or flares, and have someone warn approaching drivers.
  3. Do not let anyone smoke, light a match or put flares near any vehicle, in case of a fuel leak. If any of the vehicles is on fire, get the people out and make sure everyone is well out of the way. If there is no danger of fire or explosion, leave injured people where they are until trained medical help arrives.
  4. If you are trained in first aid, treat injuries in the order of urgency, within the level of your training. For example, clear the person’s airway to restore breathing, give rescue breathing or stop bleeding by applying pressure with a clean cloth.
  5. If you are not trained in first aid, use common sense. For example, people in collisions often go into shock. Cover the person with a jacket or blanket to reduce the effects of shock.
  6. Stay with injured people until help arrives.
  7. Disabled vehicles on the road may be a danger to you and other drivers. Do what you can to make sure everyone involved in a collision is kept safe.