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Types of vehicles requiring a class M licence
I. Motorcycles

The Ontario Highway Traffic Act (HTA) defines a motorcycle as a self-propelled vehicle with a seat or saddle for the driver, designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with the ground.

Three-wheeled motorcycles are commonly referred to as motor tri­cycles. A three-wheeled motorcycle may have either two front wheels or two rear wheels, or may be a two-wheeled motorcycle with a sidecar.

Motor tricycles manufactured to comply with the HTA’s motorcycle definition can be registered to drive on Ontario’s public roads only if they:

  • Have seating on which all occupants must sit astride
  • Do not have more than four designated seating positions
  • Do not have a gross vehicle weight rating of greater than 1,000 kilograms
  • Do not have a structure partially or fully enclosing the driver and passenger, other than that part of the vehicle forward of the driver’s torso and the seat backrest

Vehicles commonly referred to as motor scooters are considered motorcycles. Depending on the characteristics of the vehicle, a motor scooter may be considered a limited-speed motorcycle.

Motorcycles must be registered with the Ministry of Transportation and have a valid motorcycle licence plate attached in order to be driven on public roads in Ontario.

Note: In this handbook, unless stated otherwise, the term “motorcycle” includes motor tricycles and limited- speed motorcycles.