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Types of vehicles requiring a class M licence
II. Limited-speed motorcycles (LSMs)

A limited-speed motorcycle is a motorcycle to which the manufacturer has affixed a compliance label, as required by the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada), which indicates the vehicle type as “LSM/MVL.”

Typically, LSMs are gas powered, cannot go faster than 70 km/h, have a “step-through design” and automatic transmission.

If the vehicle was manufactured before September 1, 1988, and does not have a label, it is a limited-speed motorcycle if it has all of the following characteristics:

  • Minimum attainable speed of 32 km/h on level ground within 1.6 kilometres from a standing start
  • Maximum speed of 70 km/h or less
  • Steering handlebars that are completely restrained from rotating in relation to the axle of only one wheel in contact with the ground
  • Minimum seat height, when not laden, of 650 millimetres
  • Minimum wheel-rim diameter of 250 millimetres
  • Minimum wheelbase of 1,016 millimetres
  • Engine displacement of 50 cubic centimetres or less

Limited-speed motorcycles must be registered with the Ministry of Transportation and have a valid limited-speed motorcycle licence plate or a regular motorcycle licence plate (if plated before November 28, 2005) attached in order to be driven on public roads.

Illustration of a limited-speed motorcycle