Ministry of Transportation / Ministère des Transports
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Braking and stopping

The front brake is the more important of the two brakes; it provides about three-quarters of your stop­ping power. However, you must use both front and rear brakes to slow down and stop effectively. Be careful not to apply the brakes too hard; you may lock up your tires and skid. Here are some tips for braking and stopping properly:


  • If your vehicle has gears, gear down during deceleration to a gear appropriate to your speed.
  • Use all your fingers to pull the front brake lever smoothly.
  • Apply both front and rear brakes every time you slow down or stop.
  • Apply both brakes at the same time.
  • When braking hard, keep the motorcycle or moped as vertical as possible.
  • Stop in the appropriate tire track to block the lane.
  • If behind a large vehicle, stop where its driver is still able to see you in the driver-side mirror.
  • Do all your braking before you enter a turn.
  • When stopped, keep both brakes on and keep your left foot on the ground.

Remember: You can also slow down by downshifting or reducing throttle. However, your brake lights will not turn on when you do this, so other drivers may not know you are slowing down. Always apply your brakes as a signal to others that you are slowing down.


  • Rely solely on gearing down to bring your vehicle to a stop.
  • Weave your motorcycle or moped to slow down.
  • Drag your foot when coming to a stop.
  • Balance at a low speed instead of coming to a complete stop.
Illustration of someone braking