2017 Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emission Report

INTRODUCTION

In support of the 2009 Green Energy and Green Economy Act (GEA), the Ministry of Transportation (MTO) has committed to reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions through energy conservation measures. As part of the 2009 Green Transformation Strategy, the Ontario government outlined GHG emissions reduction targets of:

  • A 19% reduction by end of 2014 over 2006 baseline
  • A 27% reduction by end of 2020 over 2006 baseline
  • On January 1, 2013, the Ontario Facilities Energy Consumption Directive came into effect. The directive requires each custodial ministry - ministries that manage government owned Target Class Facilities - to publicly report on how the government’s energy consumption is tracking against its energy conservation targets. Target Class Facilities are a subset of all government-owned facilities that have been identified as having energy conservation potential. In MTO’s case, the Target Class Facilities are those that make up the Truck Inspection Station network i.e. facilities where ministry enforcement staff and police officers perform truck inspections to promote road safety and take corrective action, when necessary.

    On June 8, 2016, Ontario released a five-year Climate Change Action Plan that further demonstrates government’s commitment and leadership to reducing GHG emissions. The Action Plan sets a new target of:

  • A 50% reduction by end of 2030 over 2006 baseline

The purpose of the annual Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Emission report is to outline the ministry’s progress towards achieving these targets. The 2017 report outlines progress made in the 2016 calendar year.

DESCRIPTION OF THE MANAGED PORTFOLIO

Program Background:

On any given day over 100,000 trucks travel Ontario’s highways. It is the role of the Ministry of Transportation’s Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Program to monitor the condition of those vehicles and, when necessary, take corrective action. One method of accomplishing this task is through vehicle inspections. Ministry Transportation Enforcement Officers primarily perform the inspections1 at one of 342 Truck Inspection Stations (TIS). Truck Inspection Stations are found at various highway locations in Ontario. Vehicles are subject to safety checks (of brakes, lights, couplings, etc.) and their loads checked for weight, height, length, width and axle spacing. Driver licences are also checked for validity and proper class of licence for the vehicle.

program-background

Program Operations:

In 2009, the ministry completed an extensive review of its Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Program and developed a Strategic Enforcement Plan, the purpose of which was to maximize the strategic and operational effectiveness and efficiency of the Enforcement Program, focussing on the (then) 36 existing Truck Inspection Stations (TIS) across the Province. The ministry used industry best practices and highway criteria such as: traffic counts, points of entry, high volume corridors, major trade corridors and regional priorities, to prioritize the strategic value of each Truck Inspection Station and aligned it with ministry’s long-term Capital Investment Plan.

Through that review the ministry has identified seven high priority TIS which are being converted to larger Commercial Vehicle Inspection Facilities (CVIF), as funding becomes available. This has allowed the ministry to optimize the use of staffing resources i.e. staff continue to be transferred from less strategically critical sites to these new priority sites enabling MTO to operate more hours through a 24 hour period.

As the industry continues to improve the aerodynamics of commercial vehicles they continue to get less road clearance and consequently the ministry has introduced a strategy whereby inspection facilities will have recessed inspection lanes retrofitted. These lanes have imbedded heating for snow management.

The combination of these initiatives, (recessed inspection lanes, 24-hour operations and the considerably larger CVIF sites) will impact energy consumption; however the ministry has taken that into consideration during the design phase of the planning.

Commercial Vehicle Inspection Facilities (CVIF):

Prior to the 1990s, the primary focus of these stations was weighing vehicles. Since that time, enforcement has shifted to focusing on driver and mechanical fitness, requiring more space for inspections and detention.

The new state-of-the-art inspection facilities constructed or being constructed now sit on (approximately) a 3-hectare site and are equipped with new technologies such as licence plate readers and a queue management system that will prevent back-ups onto the highway. The sites include booths for officers to be stationed outside recessed inspection lanes, 12 truck bays, and a large triage area allowing effective screening, and inspections on those vehicles that have a higher likelihood of non-compliance. Employee safety has been enhanced in the building and inspection lanes, including more functional and efficient work space for officers to conduct their duties and improved illumination - including increased lighting for officer safety and better visibility for night time inspections.

PROGRESS REPORTING

Energy Performance:

The overall energy consumption at the Target Class Facilities reduced by 14% in 2016 compared to 2015. The savings are mainly attributed to reduced electricity consumption – electricity constitutes approximately 94% of the total energy usage at TIS.

Energy Performance (ekwh) 2015 2016 2016 vs 2015
Electricity 2,192,034 1,871,151 -15%
Natural Gas 100,088 88,910 -11%
Propane 25,599 23,981 -6%
Total 2,317,721 1,984,041 -14%

A “Rolling five-year energy consumption summary” and an “Annual energy consumption report by location” are provided in the appendix.

GHG Emissions Performance:

By the end of 2016, MTO has been tracking at 68% GHG emissions reduction for the Target Class Facilities over 2006 baseline and a 14% reduction over 2015. This exceeds the government’s target reductions and is mainly due to the phase out of coal electricity generation and a resultant lower electricity emission factor. Going forward into the 2020 reporting year it is not expected that there will be emission factor increases or decreases to the magnitude of the coal phase out.

Emissions Performance (eCO₂ tonnes) 2006 2015 2016 2015 vs 2006 2016 vs 2006 2016 vs 2015
Electricity 292.4 87.7 74.7 -70% -74% -15%
Natural Gas 9.5 18.0 16.0 91% 69% -11%
Propane 0.0 5.4 5.0 NA NA -6%
Total 301.8 111.1 95.7 -63% -68% -14%

A “Rolling five-year GHG emissions summary” and an “Annual GHG emissions report by location” are provided in the appendix.

CHALLENGES, RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES

Program Requirements:

MTO is faced with the challenge of reducing emissions while improving the performance of the managed portfolio. Highway safety is of paramount concern so there is every expectation that the strategic plan to grow the Commercial Vehicle Inspection Facilities (part of TIS network) will proceed on schedule. That growth, which includes considerably larger facilities and longer working hours, will challenge any goal to substantially reduce energy consumption. That noted, the ministry has repeatedly demonstrated a proactive approach to achieving that goal.

New Facilities:

As new facilities are built they are added to the energy and emissions reporting, increasing the required GHG emissions to be reduced. Although new facilities utilize the most modern energy management practices, the target is negatively impacted as each new build is net new added energy.

ENERGY CONSERVATION STRATEGIES

Long Term Planning

The ministry is committed to reviewing the existing alternate energy generation initiative with a view to its possible expansion.

To improve the efficiency and performance in MTO facilities, the ministry will continue to promote energy conservation.

The ministry will continue to develop and manage energy data collection and reporting processes to help identify conservation opportunities and meet its requirements under the Green Energy and Green Economy Act and associated directives.

New Technology:

To lessen the impact of the increased illumination and decrease maintenance requirements at CVIF facilities, more efficient LED lighting is being installed on bollards and pole mounted luminaires.

Geothermal heating and cooling has been provided for the heating and cooling systems of the new CVIF buildings. Foyers have been designed into the floor-plan to minimize airflow on exterior doors.

Buildings are pre-ducted from outside (small electrical manholes) underground into the electrical room to facilitate future solar panel installation, permitting maximum sizing of solar panels as ground mount units.

Communication and Awareness:

The Ministry of Transportation has proactively implemented a variety of communication methods to increase employee awareness of greening initiatives in its facilities.

There are a number of ‘Green Teams’ established throughout the ministry to promote greening strategies and initiatives.

MTO is also an active participant in Earth Day and has a formal documented inter-ministerial program named ‘Sustainability inSight’3 which supports and encourages employee engagement in energy management.

APPENDICES

  1. TIS LOCATIONS – SOUTHERN ONTARIO
  2. TIS LOCATIONS – NORTHERN ONTARIO
  3. ROLLING FIVE YEAR ENERGY CONSUMPTION SUMMARY
  4. ROLLING FIVE YEAR GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS SUMMARY
  5. ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS OVERVIEW BY LOCATION

TIS Locations – Southern Ontario

southern-ontario-location

TIS Locations – Northern Ontario

northern-ontario-location

Rolling Five-Year Energy Consumption Summary

Energy Performance (ekwh) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Electricity 1,854,770 2,321,771 2,142,196 2,192,034 1,871,151
Natural Gas 98,832 109,520 122,106 100,088 88,910
Propane 55,568 70,338 42,825 25,599 23,981
Total 2,009,171 2,501,629 2,307,127 2,317,721 1,984,041

Rolling Five-Year Greenhouse Gas Emissions Summary

Emissions Performance (eCO₂ tonnes) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Electricity 176.2 153.2 87.8 87.7 74.7
Natural Gas 17.8 19.7 22.0 18.0 16.0
Propane 11.6 14.7 9.0 5.4 5.0
Total 205.6 187.7 118.8 111.1 95.7

Annual Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview by Location

Location4 Electricity (kwh) Natural Gas (m³) Propane (litres) GHG Emissions eCO₂ (tonnes)
2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016
Windsor 231,695 231,298 1,826 2,551 12.1 13.2
Sarnia South 128,040 187,440 1,638 694 7.7 8.6
Putnam North 297,120 159,397 11.9 6.4
Putnam South 266,882 193,320 10.7 7.7
Vineland 124,067 73,757 1,625 1270 8.0 5.4
Oakville North 155,046 84,585 633 0 7.4 3.4
Oakville South 128,424 44,489 633 981 6.3 3.6
Victoria 42,719 43,732 1.7 1.7
Whitby 41,435 39,330 2,251 2109 5.9 5.6
King City 61,634 60,047 2.5 2.4
Bowmanville*
Gananoque 63,339 58,377 2.5 2.3
Glen Tay 27,106 28,210 1.1 1.1
Kemptville 0 7,247 0.0 0.3
Alfred*
Casselman 80,379 66,736 3.2 2.7
Lancaster 10,902 10,994 4,345 4068 8.7 8.2
Heyden 65,812 65,812 2.6 2.6
Cochrane 39,014 37,015 1.6 1.5
New Liskeard 28,780 37,383 1.2 1.5
Northshore 40,934 40,935 1.6 1.6
Hearst 14,327 17,726 0.6 0.7
Red Rock*
Spruce River Road 62,960 42,000 2.5 1.7
Thunder Bay North 24,862 23,232 1.0 0.9
Thunder Bay South 19,067 17,980 0.8 0.7
Vermillion Bay 31,525 26,602 1.3 1.1
Gravenhurst 18,809 28,417 0.8 1.1
Rush Bay Road 25,789 33,720 1.0 1.3
North Bay West 36,298 37,846 1.5 1.5
Wasi North 39,538 60,672 1.6 2.4
Wasi South 85,531 112,854 3.4 4.5
Trafalgar North*
Trafalgar South*
407 ETR - East*
TOTAL 2,192,034 1,871,151 9,487 8,428 3,464 3,245 111.1 95.7
% Change -15% -11% -6% -14%

1Inspections conducted off-site or at lay-bys (temporary roadside arrangements) are outside the scope of this report as they are not considered facilities with energy saving potential.

2 The Truck Inspection Station network is made up of 34 permanent sites. Previous reports indicated 33 sites but in 2016 the Kemptville site was commissioned. The report addresses energy consumption at 29 of the 34 truck inspection stations. 2 of the 5 stations (Alfred and 407 ETR - East) are not under MTO’s control and are therefore out of scope. The other 3 stations (Bowmanville, Trafalgar North and Trafalgar South) are not metered separately from the highway; therefore information on actual energy consumed at these stations is not available.

3Sustainability inSight, an innovative strategy for Ontario’s Ministry of Transportation focused on social, environmental and economic sustainability.

4 Locations marked with an asterix are either out of scope (Alfred & 407 ETR - East) or decommissioned (Red Rock) or not metered separately from Highway (Bowmanville, Trafalgar North and Trafalgar South).

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