Ministry of Transportation / Ministère des Transports
Text size Enlarge Text Shrink Text
Search Search  |  

Farm Guide
Farm Equipment on the Highway

Farm Truck and Trailer Rules

Driver Licences
HTA 32, 37, Reg. 340/94

The following describes the types of trucks that drivers with a Class G1, G2, G, D or A driver's licence may operate. Truck includes a pickup truck.

For a complete list of the Driver's Licence Classes, see Regulation 340/94 (Driver Licences) under the HTA.

Class "G" licence holders can drive:

  • a truck, whether towing a vehicle or not, having a registered gross weight of 11,000 kg (24,250 lbs.) or less,
  • a single truck or a combination of truck and towed vehicle(s) with an actual weight of 11,000 kg (24,250 lbs.) or less, provided the weight transmitted to the road by the axles of the towed vehicle(s), when attached to the truck, does not exceed 4,600 kg (10,141 lbs). Towed vehicle(s) includes trailers, farm implements and wagons.

Class "D" licence holders can drive:

  • a truck, whether towing a vehicle or not, having a registered gross weight exceeding 11,000 kg (24,250 lbs.),
  • a single truck or a combination of truck and towed vehicle(s) with an actual weight exceeding 11,000 kg (24,250 lbs.), provided the weight transmitted to the road by the axles of the towed vehicle(s), when attached to the truck, does not exceed 4,600 kg (10,141 lb). Towed vehicle(s) includes trailers, farm implements and wagons.

Class "A" licence holders can drive:

  • A combination of truck and towed vehicle(s), when the axles of the towed vehicle(s), when attached to the truck, transmit more than 4,600 kg (10,141 lbs.) to the road. Towed vehicle(s) includes trailer, farm implements and wagons.

A Class "G" driver may drive a Class "D" farm plated truck or a farm plated combination if the truck or combination is being used for the farmer's personal transportation or used for the transportation of farm products, supplies or equipment without compensation to or from a farm. See Licence plates - farm equipment in the "Farm Equipment Rules" section for farm plate conditions.

A G2 driver may drive a Class "D" farm plated truck or a Class "D" farm plated combination, provided the truck is not being used for-hire and the truck and towed vehicle are not equipped with air brakes

A G1 driver is not permitted to drive a Class "D" farm plated truck or any truck or towed vehicle with air brakes.

A "Z" Endorsement is required on a driver's licence when driving an air braked truck or towing an air braked trailer with a truck. This includes farm plated trucks. A "Z" Endorsement is not required when operating air braked farm tractors, SPIH, or towed implements.

Licence Plates - Farm Trucks
HTA 7, Reg. 628

Farm plates have reduced fees and are subject to certain restrictions.

Use of farm plates
Farm plated trucks and towed trailers may be used for the transportation of farm products, commodities, supplies, equipment, building and maintenance items owned by the farmer. Items include the trucking of gravel, rocks, sand and lumber to a farm for use on the farm.
A farmer may truck the same items for another farmer anytime during the year provided the trucking is done for free. A farmer may only charge another farmer for trucking these items during the months of September, October and November.
Farm products do not include products preserved by freezing, pickling, cooking, smoking or curing, other than cured tobacco leaves.
Farm plated trucks and towed trailers may also be used for the farmer's personal transportation and use, including the movement of personal effects, such as household and hobby effects, recreational and pleasure use. This personal privilege only extends to the person or persons who actually own the farm. This privilege does not extend to family members, employees or other persons.
Prohibited use of farm plates
Trucking logs, pulpwood or rocks from a forest, quarry or mine cannot use farm plates.
Farm Plates and Logs/Lumber
The cutting of trees for purposes of production of paper by pulp mills or for purposes of processing these logs for lumber is a forestry operation. If it is demonstrated that the transportation of these items is to supply the farm, farm plates may be used.
Farm Plates and Rocks/Sand/Gravel
The removal of rocks or stone is a mining or quarry operation and not related to the tilling or the production of an agricultural product by a farmer. If it is demonstrated that the transportation of these items is to supply the farm (e.g.; laneways, building construction, soil erosion), farm plates may be used.
Trailer Plate
A trailer transporting livestock or poultry, either empty or loaded, when towed by a truck requires a trailer licence plate.
Out-of-Province Travel With Ontario Farm Plates
Some Canadian and U.S. jurisdictions accept Ontario farm plated trucks, while others may not. Before you travel, we advise that you contact the jurisdiction where you plan to travel into or through for assistance. For contact information, visit the International Registration Plan website.