Ministry of Transportation / Ministère des Transports
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Farm Guide
Farm Equipment on the Highway

Farm Truck and Trailer Rules

Dangerous Goods - Farm Trucks
Dangerous Goods Transportation Act (Ontario) and Ontario Regulation 261
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 (Canada)

The Dangerous Goods Transportation Act (provincial) and the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada) and their supporting regulations are intended to promote safety in the transportation of dangerous goods on Ontario's highways. Farmers must ensure that dangerous goods are transported in accordance with the appropriate Act and Regulations.

Generally speaking, most loads of dangerous goods being transported must meet five basic requirements:

  • The load must be accompanied by a shipping document, which includes specific information, required by Part 3 of the regulations;
  • Containers of 450 L (99 gallons) or less must display the safety marks required by Part 4 of the regulations. This would include primary and subsidiary labels, shipping name and UN #;
  • Containers over 450 L (99 gallons) must display the placards and UN# required by the table in Part 4 Section 4.15;
  • The driver must be trained or under the direct supervision of a trained person. The trained person must have been issued a training certificate by their employer and must have it in their possession when transporting dangerous goods; and
  • The dangerous goods must be transported in a "prescribed" means of containment. The means of containment used must be designed, closed, secured and maintained so that under normal conditions of transport there will be no accidental release of dangerous goods that could endanger public safety.

However, the regulation does contain several exemptions, which may exempt the transportation from some or all of the requirements. Some of the more common exemptions related to agriculture are as follows:

Agricultural Farm Vehicle Exemption (1.21)

Farm plated trucks transporting dangerous goods for agricultural purposes only are exempt from dangerous goods documentation, placarding, labelling and training provided:

  1. the total quantity of goods on the vehicle does not exceed 1,500 kg (3,300 lb),
  2. the trip does not exceed 100 km, and
  3. the dangerous goods do not include:
    1. Class 1, Explosives, other than explosives included in Class 1.4S,
    2. Class 2.1, Flammable Gases, in a cylinder that has a water capacity greater than 46L,
    3. Class 2.3, Toxic Gases,
    4. Class 6.2, Infectious Substances, or
    5. Class 7, Radioactive Materials.

Agricultural Farm Vehicle Retail Exemption (1.22)

Vehicles transporting dangerous goods for agricultural purposes only are exempt from dangerous goods documentation, placarding, labelling and training provided:

  1. the total quantity of goods on the vehicle does not exceed 3,000 kg (6,600 lb),
  2. the goods are being transported between a retail outlet (Co-op) and the residence of the purchaser or the place of use, for a distance less than or equal to 100 km,
  3. the dangerous goods are secured, and
  4. the dangerous goods do not include:
    1. Class 1, Explosives, other than explosives included in Class 1.4S,
    2. Class 2.1, Flammable Gases, in a cylinder that has a water capacity greater than 46L,
    3. Class 2.3, Toxic Gases,
    4. Class 6.2, Infectious Substances, or
    5. Class 7, Radioactive Materials.

Gasoline UN 1203 and Diesel UN 1202 In Open Vehicles (1.35)

Gasoline and diesel transported in an open vehicle, such as a pickup, with the container secured to the vehicle is exempt from documentation, UN# requirements and training provided:

  1. The total capacity of the container(s), which must be visible from outside the vehicle, is not more than 2000 L (440 gallons),
  2. The container:
    1. if gasoline is 450 L (99 gallons) or less displays a Class 3 label, visible from outside the vehicle, or
    2. if gasoline or diesel is over 450 L (99 gallons), displays the Class 3 placards required and at least one placard must be visible from outside the vehicle.

vehicle placard:  diamond-shaped, red with white border, with flame symbol above the number 3
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids, Red background with white markings.

Anhydrous Ammonia Exemption (1.24)

Vehicles transporting Anhydrous Ammonia are exempt from documentation and the requirements for "Emergency Response Assistance Plan" if it is,

  1. transported on land by road vehicle; and
  2. in a large means of containment that has a water capacity less than or equal to 10,000 L and that will be used for the field application of the dangerous goods.

Agriculture Pesticide Exemption (1.23)

Vehicles transporting a solution of pesticides are exempt from,

  1. documentation (unless an Emergency Response Assistance Plan is required),
  2. the UN# requirements, and
  3. training requirements,
provided:
  1. the transportation of the dangerous goods does not exceed 100 km,
  2. the dangerous goods are in one container greater than 450 L (99 gal) but less than 6,000 L (1,320 gal),
  3. is used to prepare the dangerous goods for application or to apply the dangerous goods, and
  4. has the required placards displayed on each side and each end of the container.

The Federal Dangerous Goods Regulations may be viewed online.