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ORSAR 2002 - The People

2. The People

This section highlights injuries by severity and the category of the road user involved in collisions. Data is broken down by age, gender, driver condition and driver action. Seventy-two years of key historical collision data, covering the years 1931 to 2002, are provided.

This section also shows that, while the number of drivers on Ontario’s roads continues to increase, the number of drivers fatally injured in drinking and driving collisions decreased from 128 in 2001 to 124 in 2002.

Figure 2: Percent of Involved Persons in Collisions by Severity of Injury, 2002

Chart of Percent of Involved Persons in Collisions by Severity of Injury, 2002: None 46.2%, Minimal 29.7%, Minor 20.8%, Major 2.8%, Fatal 0.5%



2a. People in Collisions

Table 2.1

Category of Involved Person by Severity of Injury
in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions 2002
Category of
Involved Person
No Injury Minimal Injury Minor Injury Major Injury Fatal Total
Driver 45,475 27,330 18,504 2,075 450 93,834
Passenger* 26,434 15,648 9,724 1,247 226 53,279
Pedestrian 188 1,937 2,480 573 131 5,309
Bicyclist 31 1,267 1,063 148 20 2,529
Bicycle Passenger 15 93 95 18 0 221
All Terrain Vehicle Driver 13 13 10 8 6 50
All Terrain Vehicle Passenger 7 9 10 3 0 29
Snow Vehicle Driver 2 5 12 6 1 26
Snow Vehicle Passenger 1 2 3 3 0 9
Motorcycle Driver 104 354 616 191 35 1,300
Motorcycle Passenger 57 106 160 45 3 371
Moped Driver 3 9 13 3 0 28
Moped Passenger 3 4 2 1 0 10
Hanger On 45 71 83 24 1 224
Other 538 126 88 10 0 762
Total 72,916 46,974 32,863 4,355 873 157,981

* Includes bus passengers
HTA (Highway Traffic Act) reportable collisions. For more information on special vehicles, see Chapter 6.

Due to a change in the method of tabulating collision statistics, this table excludes individuals involved in property-damage-only collisions.

Fatal Person killed immediately or within 30 days of the motor vehicle collision.
Major Person admitted to hospital. Includes person admitted for observation.
Minor Person went to hospital and was treated in the emergency room but was not admitted.
Minimal Person did not go to hospital when leaving the scene of the collision. Includes minor abrasions, bruises and complaint of pain.
None Uninjured person.

Table 2.2

Category of Person Killed by Age Groups 2002
Category of Person 0-4 5-9 10-15 16 17 18 19 20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ UK Total
Driver 0 0 1 2 8 17 13 12 40 65 92 75 43 39 43 0 450
Passenger* 7 9 19 9 4 7 10 7 29 24 23 17 18 17 27 0 227
Pedestrian 3 6 3 5 4 3 4 3 6 6 13 10 21 14 30 0 131
Bicyclist 1 1 3 0 1 2 0 1 0 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 20
Bicycle Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
All Terrain Vehicle
Driver
0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 6
All Terrain Vehicle
Passenger
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Snow Vehicle Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Snow Vehicle
Passenger
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Motorcycle Driver 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 13 7 6 3 1 0 0 35
Motorcycle
Passenger
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 3
Moped Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moped Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 11 17 28 18 17 30 28 23 77 110 143 109 87 72 103 0 873

* Includes hangers on
UK = Unknown
HTA (Highway Traffic Act) reportable collisions. For more information on special vehicles, see Chapter 6.

Table 2.3

Category of Persons Injured by Age Groups 2002
Category of Person 0-4 5-9 10-15 16 17 18 19 20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ UK Total
Driver 0 0 38 239 1,053 1,280 1,330 1,346 4,831 10,427 11,327 7,954 4,374 2,224 1,408 78 47,909
Passenger* 984 1,631 2,367 792 1,053 1,011 970 830 2,574 3,913 3,216 2,480 1,621 1,251 838 1,211 26,742
Pedestrian 98 330 719 127 108 128 99 111 369 630 652 558 367 301 271 122 4,990
Bicyclist 1 30 134 27 19 24 22 18 48 123 125 68 44 10 4 1,781 2,478
Bicycle Passenger 5 13 62 8 4 5 7 8 17 34 42 22 8 4 1 1 241
All Terrain Vehicle
Driver
0 0 7 3 0 0 0 0 4 9 4 2 0 1 0 1 31
All Terrain Vehicle
Passenger
1 1 5 1 3 2 1 0 0 4 1 1 0 0 1 1 22
Snow Vehicle Driver 0 0 5 1 0 0 1 3 2 4 5 1 0 1 0 0 23
Snow Vehicle
Passenger
0 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
Motorcycle Driver 0 0 3 22 20 16 25 32 124 330 282 210 70 17 5 5 1,161
Motorcycle
Passenger
1 4 9 3 11 9 11 9 39 69 64 68 12 5 2 12 328
Moped Driver 0 1 1 0 2 1 1 0 1 3 5 3 2 0 1 4 25
Moped Passenger 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 8
Other 4 9 8 4 4 1 2 3 11 43 51 22 14 14 14 22 226
Total 1,094 2,020 3,360 1,228 2,279 2,480 2,470 2,360 8,021 15,590 15,775 11,390 6,513 3,828 2,546 3,238 84,192

* Includes hangers on
HTA (Highway Traffic Act) reportable collisions. For more information on special vehicles, see Chapter 6.

Table 2.4

Sex of Driver by Class of Collision 2002
Sex of Driver Fatal
Collision
Personal Injury
Collision
Property Damage
Collision
Total
Male 976 64,043 204,022 269,041
Female 298 37,041 103,696 141,035
Unknown* 37 4,839 20,387 25,263
Total 1,311 105,923 328,105 435,339

* This includes situations where the enforcement officer is unable to make a determination, e.g., hit and run.

Fatal Collision
A motor vehicle collision in which at least one person sustains bodily injury resulting in death. Prior to January 1, 1982, fatal collision statistics included deaths attributed to injuries sustained in the collision for up to one year after the collision. Since that date, only deaths within thirty days of the collision have been included.
Personal Injury Collision
A motor vehicle collision in which at least one person involved sustains bodily injury not resulting in death.
Property Damage
A motor vehicle collision in which no person sustains bodily injury, but in which there is damage to any public property or damage to private property including damage to the motor vehicle or its load.

The minimum reportable level for property-damage-only collision rose from $200 to $400 on January 1, 1978, and rose again to $700 on January 1, 1985. As of January 1, 1998, the minimum reportable level for property-damage-only collisions is $1,000.

On January 1, 1997, Collision Self-Reporting for property-damage-only collisions was introduced. See Appendix for further explanation of Collision Self- Reporting.

Table 2.5

Driver Condition by Class of Collision 2002
Condition of Driver Fatal
Collision
Personal Injury
Collision
Property Damage
Collision
Total
Normal 945 84,578 262,243 347,766
Had Been Drinking 48 1,472 2,736 4,256
Ability Impaired -
Alcohol over .08
116 1,025 1,973 3,114
Ability Impaired Alcohol 16 512 816 1,344
Ability Impaired Drugs 16 94 184 294
Fatigue 11 625 1,141 1,777
Medical / Physical
Disability
15 531 517 1,063
Inattentive 47 9,697 21,235 30,979
Other 1 305 769 1,075
Unknown* 96 7,084 36,491 43,671
Total 1,311 105,923 328,105 435,339

* This includes situations where the enforcement officer is unable to make a determination, e.g., hit and run.

Had Been Drinking Driver had consumed alcohol but his / her physical condition was not legally impaired.
Ability Impaired
Alcohol over .08
Driver had consumed alcohol and upon testing was found to have a blood alcohol level in excess of .08 grams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood.
Ability Impaired
Alcohol
Driver had consumed sufficient alcohol to warrant being charged with a drinking and driving offence.
Inattentive Driver was operating a motor vehicle without due care and attention or placing less than full concentration on driving, e.g., changing radio stations, consuming food, reading, talking on phone or two-way radio, using headphones.

Table 2.6

Driver Age by Driver Condition in ALL Collisions 2002*
Driver Age Normal Had Been Drinking Impaired Alcohol over .08 Ability Impaired Alcohol Other Unknown Total
Under 16 263 13 4 0 127 66 473
16 1,638 23 14 5 323 143 2,146
17 7,423 60 33 11 1,207 531 9,265
18 8,858 101 58 26 1,291 612 10,946
19 8,764 194 113 36 1,244 632 10,983
20 8,392 189 95 30 1,110 606 10,422
21-24 31,878 674 421 167 3,596 2,244 38,980
25-34 75,911 1,059 758 351 6,772 4,999 89,850
35-44 84,285 926 798 339 6,980 5,339 98,667
45-54 60,223 513 515 233 5,084 3,570 70,138
55-64 32,613 244 219 78 2,944 2,003 38,101
65-74 15,927 105 59 38 1,938 1,004 19,071
75 & over 8,547 31 12 9 1,816 619 11,034
Unknown 3,044 124 15 21 756 21,303 25,263
Total 347,766 4,256 3,114 1,344 35,188 43,671 435,339

* Includes bicyclists, drivers of all-terrain vehicles, etc.

Table 2.7

Recorded Occurrence of Driver Condition
in Drivers Killed 2002*
Recorded Occurrence Number of Drivers %
Normal 343 67.0
Had Been Drinking 25 4.9
Ability Impaired - Alcohol over .08 99 19.3
Ability Impaired Alcohol 0 0.0
Ability Impaired Drugs 16 3.1
Fatigue 2 0.4
Medical / Physical Disability 9 1.8
Inattentive 1 0.2
Other 0 0.0
Unknown 17 3.3
Total 512 100.0

* Total includes drivers of all vehicle types killed in HTA reportable collisions.

In years prior to 1996, Table 2.7 only included fatally injured drivers who were either normal or had been drinking. In order to better examine the other pre-crash factors related to deaths of all drivers, this table has now been expanded to include the driver conditions of all fatally injured drivers. These data can be recombined into the older format by recalculating the percentages using only the alcohol-involved and normal drivers’ data.

Table 2.8

Apparent Driver Action by Class of Collision 2002
Apparent Driver
Action
Fatal
Collision
Personal Injury
Collision
Property Damage
Collision
Total
Driving Properly 584 50,609 161,369 212,562
Following Too Close 5 10,475 27,577 38,057
Speed Too Fast 70 1,271 2,097 3,438
Speed Too Fast
for Conditions
68 4,808 15,191 20,067
Speed Too Slow 2 112 277 391
Improper Turn 19 4,413 13,666 18,098
Disobey Traffic Control 78 4,793 7,075 11,946
Fail to Yield
Right of Way
67 10,217 24,702 34,986
Improper Passing 18 786 3,001 3,805
Lost Control 214 7,979 21,273 29,466
Wrong Way on
One Way Road
3 126 193 322
Improper Lane Change 11 1,918 9,998 11,927
Other* 114 5,930 19,113 25,157
Unknown 58 2,486 22,573 25,117
Total 1,311 105,923 328,105 435,339

* Includes actions defined as careless driving, inattentive driving, fell asleep, hit and run, driving on wrong side of road, improper parking, impaired driving, illegally parked, dangerous driving, inexperience, etc.

Table 2.9

Seat Belt Usage by Severity of Driver Injury
in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions 2002
Safety Equipment Used Killed Major Injury Minor Injury Minimal Injury Not Injured Total
Seat Belt Used 262 1,541 16,399 25,446 41,607 85,255
Other Equipment* 13 107 625 605 305 1,655
Equipment Not used 124 201 441 246 155 1,167
No Safety Equipment 0 8 43 41 96 188
Use Unknown 51 218 996 992 3,312 5,569
Total 450 2,075 18,504 27,330 45,475 93,834

* Other equipment includes construction and motorcycle helmets, etc., used in a motor vehicle. It also includes the use of airbags. Seat belt usage in conjunction with airbag deployment is unknown.

Tables 2.10, 2.11 and 2.12 include only seat belt usage in collisions in which there were personal injuries or fatalities. Property-damage-only collisions are excluded. ORSARs published prior to 1988 included seat belt usage in all collisions.

Table 2.10

Seat Belt Usage by Severity of Passenger Injury
in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions 2002
Safety Equipment Used Killed Major Injury Minor Injury Minimal Injury Not Injured Total
Seat Belt Used 126 852 7,986 13,525 21,683 44,172
Child Safety Seat Used Incorrectly 2 3 11 23 69 108
Child Safety Seat Used Correctly 1 9 155 311 1,619 2,095
Other Equipment* 5 33 170 145 102 455
Equipment Not used 53 199 510 335 245 1,342
No Safety Equipment 10 62 399 663 1,200 2,334
Use Unknown 30 107 508 623 1,457 2,725
Total 227 1,265 9,739 15,625 26,375 53,231

* Other equipment includes construction helmets, etc., used in a motor vehicle. It also includes the use of airbags. Seat belt usage in conjunction with airbag deployment is unknown.

Table 2.11

Restraint Use for Children (0 - 4 Years) Killed in Collisions 1998-2002
Year Used Child Restraint
Used Correctly
Child Restraint
Used Incorrectly
Lap / Lap &
Shoulder Belt
Restraint
Not Available
Available
Not Used
Use
Unknown
Total
1998 2 0 6 0 0 0 8
1999 3 1 3 0 0 0 7
2000 1 0 3 0 0 1 5
2001 5 0 2 1 2 1 11
2002 1 2 4 0 0 0 7

Table 2.12

Restraint Use for Children (0 - 4 Years) Involved in Fatal
and Personal Injury Collisions by Severity of Injury 2002
Restraint Used Major Injury /
Fatal %
Minimal Injury /
Minor Injury %
No Injuries %
Child Restraint Used Correctly 23.5 43.4 48.1
Child Restraint Used Incorrectly 14.7 3.2 2.2
Lap / Lap-Shoulder Belt 47.1 43.2 43.1
Not Available 2.9 5.0 3.6
Available / Not Used 5.9 1.6 0.2
Other 0.0 0.5 0.2
Unknown 5.9 3.1 2.6
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

It is known from observational surveys that many child safety seats are not used correctly. This is not clear in these tables since children are often removed from the child safety seat before the police officer arrives on the scene. Both correct installation of the seats according to the manufacturer’s instructions and correct use of the device in the vehicle are important for the child’s protection.

Table 2.13

Pedestrian Condition by
Severity of Injury 2002
Condition of Pedestrian Killed Injured
Normal 97 3,295
Had Been Drinking 6 246
Ability Impaired Alcohol over .08 20 9
Ability Impaired Alcohol 1 57
Ability Impaired Drugs 1 6
Fatigue 0 3
Medical or Physical Defect 2 103
Inattentive 0 697
Other 0 112
Unknown 4 462
Total 131 4,990

Table 2.14

Apparent Pedestrian Action
by Severity of Injury 2002
Apparent Pedestrian Action Killed Injured
Crossing Intersection With Right of Way 9 1,828
Crossing Intersection Without Right of Way 23 778
Crossing Intersection No Traffic Control 22 333
Crossing Pedestrian Crossover 2 142
Crossing Marked Crosswalk Without Right of Way 3 118
Walking on Roadway With Traffic 8 129
Walking on Roadway Against Traffic 5 68
On Sidewalk or Shoulder 9 354
Playing or Working on Highway 5 63
Coming from Behind Parked Vehicle or Object 1 139
Running onto Roadway 13 438
Getting On / Off School Bus* 0 7
Getting On / Off Vehicle 4 53
Pushing / Working on Vehicle 3 16
Other 24 524
Unknown - -
Total 131 4,990

* Calender Year



2b. Putting the People in Context

Table 2.15

Category of Persons Killed and Injured 1988-2002
Year Ontario Population (Est.)** Driver Killed Driver Injured Passenger Killed* Passenger Injured* Pedestrian Killed Pedestrian Injured All Others Killed All Others Injured Total Persons Killed Rate Per 100,000 Total Persons Injured Rate Per 100,000
1988 9,439,600 563 63,339 350 39,157 186 6,344 138 9,318 1,237 13.1 118,158 1,251.7
1989 9,598,600 627 66,334 369 39,950 161 6,187 129 8,181 1,286 13.4 120,652 1,257.0
1990 9,743,300 540 55,073 321 33,606 154 5,839 105 7,057 1,120 11.5 101,575 1,042.5
1991 10,084,900 542 48,021 298 30,230 157 5,352 105 6,916 1,102 10.9 90,519 897.6
1992 10,098,600 548 49,259 317 30,567 140 5,177 85 6,022 1,090 10.8 91,025 901.4
1993 10,813,200 595 49,628 296 30,584 146 5,181 98 5,756 1,135 10.5 91,149 842.9
1994 10,927,800 508 49,632 273 29,570 127 5,344 91 5,484 999 9.1 90,030 823.9
1995 11,100,000 527 49,916 276 29,440 126 5,261 70 4,955 999 9.0 89,572 807.0
1996 11,320,456 459 49,614 270 28,997 144 5,336 55 4,458 928 8.2 88,405 780.9
1997 11,500,329 474 47,861 224 27,915 133 5,154 68 4,597 899 7.8 85,527 743.7
1998 11,675,497 437 47,088 222 26,422 121 4,978 74 4,704 854 7.3 83,192 712.5
1999 11,513,700 452 47,943 221 26,774 132 4,894 63 4,451 868 7.5 84,062 730.1
2000 11,695,110 437 48,068 243 27,206 112 5,190 57 4,544 849 7.3 85,009 726.9
2001 11,966,960 430 45,758 224 26,510 119 5,063 72 4,451 845 7.1 81,782 683.4
2002 12,027,900 450 47,909 227 26,742 131 4,990 65 4,551 873 7.3 84,192 700.0

* Excludes motorcycle passengers, who are included with "All Others".
** Source: Ministry of Finance

Table 2.16

Sex of Driver Population by Age Groups 2002
Sex of Driver 16-19 20-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ Total
Male 245,094 360,330 817,251 1,015,450 842,391 568,219 602,475 4,451,210
Female 213,533 326,231 763,586 930,494 769,828 485,658 472,964 3,962,294
Total 458,627 686,561 1,580,837 1,945,944 1,612,219 1,053,877 1,075,439 8,413,504

Table 2.17

Driver Population by Age Groups 1988-2002
Year 16-19 20-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ Total
1988 310,764 643,691 1,588,516 1,353,841 898,103 714,266 608,931 6,118,112
1989 323,109 631,470 1,634,187 1,409,053 931,991 720,788 639,826 6,290,424
1990 322,542 629,478 1,666,474 1,467,699 964,925 728,380 669,385 6,448,883
1991 319,584 627,931 1,673,502 1,501,765 1,018,365 736,652 696,432 6,574,231
1992 314,685 623,707 1,665,433 1,528,726 1,082,883 745,759 727,568 6,688,761
1993 326,389 621,934 1,655,573 1,566,083 1,136,365 758,840 758,244 6,823,428
1994 358,817 622,704 1,645,962 1,611,972 1,190,442 770,882 783,181 6,983,960
1995 360,847 614,094 1,621,989 1,659,749 1,240,072 782,871 806,396 7,086,018
1996 361,571 612,060 1,608,567 1,717,050 1,297,289 805,486 856,144 7,258,167
1997 394,512 624,532 1,611,708 1,789,110 1,360,555 837,606 919,584 7,537,607
1998 412,589 634,053 1,593,744 1,845,474 1,415,258 872,426 954,212 7,727,756
1999 426,643 642,808 1,576,673 1,895,323 1,475,588 907,235 994,044 7,918,314
2000 438,170 659,331 1,582,207 1,935,150 1,540,499 939,838 1,026,179 8,121,374
2001 449,853 671,424 1,580,758 1,946,713 1,577,920 990,745 1,049,203 8,266,616
2002 458,627 686,561 1,580,837 1,945,944 1,612,219 1,053,877 1,075,439 8,413,504

Table 2.18

Driver Licence Class by Sex 2002
Licence Class Male % Female % Total %
A 93,279 2.10 2,023 .05 95,302 1.13
AB 4,522 .10 553 .01 5,075 .06
ABM 2,600 .06 141 .00 2,741 .03
ABM1 75 .00 22 .00 97 .00
ABM2 142 .00 18 .00 160 .00
AC 20,082 .45 705 .02 20,787 .25
ACM 8,995 .20 135 .00 9,130 .11
ACM1 464 .01 9 .00 473 .01
ACM2 646 .01 23 .00 669 .01
AM 29,669 .67 202 .01 29,871 .36
AM1 1,736 .04 24 .00 1,760 .02
AM2 2,311 .05 48 .00 2,359 .03
B 16,579 .37 16,805 .42 33,384 .40
BM 4,591 .10 912 .02 5,503 .07
BM1 136 .00 99 .00 235 .00
BM2 245 .01 143 .00 388 .00
C 6,078 .14 629 .02 6,707 .08
CM 1,691 .04 59 .00 1,750 .02
CM1 74 .00 7 .00 81 .00
CM2 119 .00 11 .00 130 .00
D 219,673 4.94 17,892 .45 237,565 2.82
DE 99 .00 19 .00 118 .00
DEM 30 .00 1 .00 31 .00
DEM1 2 .00 0 .00 2 .00
DEM2 1 .00 0 .00 1 .00
DF 2,013 .05 119 .00 2,132 .03
DFM 884 .02 20 .00 904 .01
DFM1 31 .00 4 .00 35 .00
DFM2 58 .00 4 .00 62 .00
DM 56,822 1.28 1,216 .03 58,038 .69
DM1 1,920 .04 99 .00 2,019 .02
DM2 2,903 .07 145 .00 3,048 .04
E 1,341 .03 2,085 .05 3,426 .04
EM 165 .00 48 .00 213 .00
EM1 6 .00 6 .00 12 .00
EM2 13 .00 6 .00 19 .00
F 6,776 .15 5,113 .13 11,889 .14
FM 1,450 .03 227 .01 1,677 .02
FM1 115 .00 41 .00 156 .00
FM2 161 .00 61 .00 222 .00
G 2,994,597 67.28 3,227,099 81.45 6,221,696 73.95
G1 216,380 4.86 292,754 7.39 509,134 6.05
G1M 56 .00 14 .00 70 .00
G1M1 1,482 .03 182 .00 1,664 .02
G1M2 524 .01 82 .00 606 .01
G2 345,679 7.77 323,289 8.16 668,968 7.95
G2M 380 .01 53 .00 433 .01
G2M1 3,746 .08 361 .01 4,107 .05
G2M2 3,118 .07 312 .01 3,430 .04
GM 332,548 7.47 52,996 1.34 385,544 4.58
GM1 27,874 .63 6,995 .18 34,869 .41
GM2 34,280 .77 8,103 .20 42,383 .50
M 995 .02 192 .00 1,187 .01
M1 450 .01 75 .00 525 .01
M2 604 .01 113 .00 717 .01
Other 0 .00 0 .00 0 .00
Total 4,451,210 100 3,962,294 100 8,413,504 100

Table 2.19

Licensed Drivers, Total Collisions, Persons
Killed and Injured 1931-2002
Year Licensed Drivers Total Collisions Persons Killed Persons Injured
1931 666,266 9,241 571 8,494
1932 648,710 9,171 502 8,231
1933 638,710 8,634 403 7,877
1934 665,743 9,645 512 8,990
1935 707,457 10,648 560 9,839
1936 755,765 11,388 546 10,251
1937 802,765 13,906 766 12,092
1938 866,729 13,715 640 11,683
1939 899,572 13,710 652 11,638
1940 937,551 16,921 716 13,715
1941 986,773 18,167 801 14,275
1942 961,883 13,490 567 10,205
1943 919,457 11,025 549 8,628
1944 905,650 11,004 498 8,373
1945 971,852 13,458 598 9,804
1946 1,087,445 17,356 688 12,228
1947 1,144,291 22,293 734 13,056
1948 1,209,408 27,406 740 14,970
1949 1,278,584 34,472 830 17,469
1950 1,366,388 43,681 791 19,940
1951 1,461,538 54,920 949 22,557
1952 1,556,559 58,515 1,010 23,643
1953 1,656,259 65,866 1,082 24,353
1954 1,747,567 62,509 1,045 24,607
1955 1,856,845 63,219 1,111 26,246
1956 1,967,789 71,399 1,180 28,626
1957 2,088,551 76,302 1,279 30,414
1958 2,176,417 76,884 1,112 30,106
1959 2,270,246 81,518 1,187 31,602
1960 2,355,567 87,186 1,166 34,436
1961 2,414,615 85,577 1,268 37,146
1962 2,469,425 94,231 1,383 41,766
1963 2,555,015 104,919 1,421 47,801
1964 2,694,023 111,232 1,424 54,560
1965 2,739,138 128,462 1,611 60,917
1966 2,821,648 139,781 1,596 65,210
1967 3,004,654 145,008 1,719 67,280
1968 3,128,509 155,127 1,586 71,520
1969 3,247,979 169,395 1,683 74,902
1970 3,422,892 141,609 1,535 75,126
1971 3,563,197 158,831 1,769 84,650
1972 3,688,541 189,494 1,934 95,181
1973 3,841,628 193,021 1,959 97,790
1974 3,972,980 204,271 1,748 98,673
1975 4,160,623 213,689 1,800 97,034
1976 4,315,925 211,865 1,511 83,736
1977 4,562,903 218,567 1,420 95,664
1978 4,725,546 186,363 1,450 94,979
1979 4,858,351 197,196 1,560 101,321
1980 4,993,531 196,501 1,508 101,367
1981 5,123,177 198,372 1,445 100,321
1982 5,247,198 187,943 1,138 92,815
1983 5,380,259 181,999 1,204 91,706
1984 5,513,911 194,782 1,132 97,230
1985 5,660,422 189,750 1,191 109,169
1986 5,817,799 187,286 1,102 108,839
1987 5,978,105 203,431 1,229 121,089
1988 6,118,112 228,398 1,237 118,158
1989 6,290,424 247,038 1,286 120,652
1990 6,448,883 220,188 1,120 101,575
1991 6,574,231 213,669 1,102 90,519
1992 6,688,761 224,249 1,090 91,025
1993 6,823,428 228,834 1,135 91,149
1994* 6,983,960 226,996 999 90,030
1995 7,086,018 219,085 999 89,572
1996 7,258,167 215,024 929 88,445
1997 7,537,607 221,500 899 85,527
1998 7,727,756 213,356 854 83,192
1999 7,918,314 221,962 868 84,062
2000 8,121,374 240,630 849 85,009
2001 8,266,616 234,004 845 81,782
2002 8,413,504 244,642 873 84,192

* Graduated Licensing System (GLS) began on April 1, 1994. See Appendix for further details on GLS.

Table 2.20

Driver Age Groups - Number Licensed, Collision Involvement
and Per Cent Involved in Collisions 2002*
Drivers Age Male Drivers Licensed Female Drivers Licensed Total Drivers Licensed Male Drivers Involved in Collisions Female Drivers Involved in Collisions Total Drivers Involved in Collisions % of Male Drivers Involved in Collisions % of Female Drivers Involved in Collisions Total % of Drivers Involved in Collisions
Under 16 - - - 167 64 231 - - -
16 47,673 40,256 87,929 1,318 768 2,086 2.8 1.9 2.4
17 60,220 52,716 112,936 5,831 3,399 9,230 9.7 6.4 8.2
18 67,076 59,127 126,203 6,901 4,005 10,906 10.3 6.8 8.6
19 70,125 61,434 131,559 7,282 3,660 10,942 10.4 6.0 8.3
20 72,127 63,543 135,670 6,832 3,548 10,380 9.5 5.6 7.7
21-24 288,203 262,688 550,891 25,017 13,810 38,827 8.7 5.3 7.0
25-34 817,251 763,586 1,580,837 58,135 31,296 89,431 7.1 4.1 5.7
35-44 1,015,450 930,494 1,945,944 63,410 34,692 98,102 6.2 3.7 5.0
45-54 842,391 769,828 1,612,219 45,703 23,994 69,697 5.4 3.1 4.3
55-64 568,219 485,658 1,053,877 26,046 11,834 37,880 4.6 2.4 3.6
65-74 373,885 291,644 665,529 13,257 5,748 19,005 3.5 2.0 2.9
75 & over 228,590 181,320 409,910 7,112 3,890 11,002 3.1 2.1 2.7
Unknown - - - 39,502 0 39,502 - - -
Total 4,451,210 3,962,294 8,413,504 306,513 140,708 447,221 6.9 3.6 5.3

* This table includes collisions with parked vehicles and excludes drivers of some non-motor vehicles, i. e. bicyclists, snow vehicle operators, etc.