Ontario Road Safety Annual Report (ORSAR) 2008

The People

This section highlights traffic fatalities and injuries by severity and characteristics of the road users involved. Key historical road safety data – covering a period of more than 75 years – is also provided to assist in analyzing long-term safety trends in Ontario.

Highlights in this section include a decrease in the number of traffic fatalities from 765 in 2007 to 631 in 2008. While the number of drivers on Ontario roads continues to increase, the number of persons injured declined. Out of 962 drivers involved in fatal collisions, 133 were drinking drivers.

This pie chart provides a breakdown of persons involved in fatal and injury collisions by severity of injury.

2A. People in Collisions

Table 2.1: Category of Involved Person by Severity of Injury in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions, 2008
  Severity of Injury  
Category of Involved Person None Minimal Minor Major Fatal Total
Driver 34,816 19,531 15,367 1,321 343 71,378
Passenger* 18,756 9,607 7,207 712 122 36,404
Pedestrian 161 1,710 2,273 471 94 4,709
Bicyclist 27 960 946 109 12 2,054
Bicycle Passenger 14 141 180 17 0 352
All Terrain Vehicle** Driver 6 4 12 7 2 31
All Terrain Vehicle** Passenger 1 5 4 2 1 13
Snow Vehicle Driver 2 4 8 5 2 21
Snow Vehicle Passenger 2 2 2 1 0 7
Motorcycle Driver 63 351 654 194 50 1,312
Motorcycle Passenger 33 94 208 64 3 402
Moped Driver 5 8 28 5 0 46
Moped Passenger 3 4 7 0 0 14
Hanger On 43 84 100 19 2 248
Other 538 169 131 15 0 853
Total 54,470 32,674 27,127 2,942 631 117,844

* Includes bus passengers
** In this table, all terrain vehicles include two-wheel, three-wheel and four-wheel off-road vehicles.

Only persons involved in HTA reportable fatality and injury collisions are shown in this table (for more information on special vehicles, see Chapter 6).
Fatal: Person killed immediately or within 30 days of the motor vehicle collision.
Major: Person admitted to hospital.
Minor: Person went to hospital and was treated in the emergency room but was not admitted.
Minimal: Person did not go to hospital when leaving the scene of the collision. Includes minor abrasions, bruises and complaints of pain.
None: Uninjured person.

Table 2.2: Category of Person Killed by Age Groups, 2008
  Age Groups
Category of Person 0-4 5-9 10-15 16 17 18 19 20 21-24 25-34
Driver 0 0 0 0 8 8 6 8 34 43
Passenger* 4 1 4 5 7 3 7 10 11 15
Pedestrian 1 0 2 3 0 3 1 0 6 8
Bicyclist 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 3
Bicycle Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
All Terrain Vehicle** Driver 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
All Terrain Vehicle** Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Snow Vehicle Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Snow Vehicle Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Motorcycle Driver 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 11
Motorcycle Passenger 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moped Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moped Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 5 1 9 9 15 15 14 20 55 81
Table 2.2: Category of Person Killed by Age Groups, 2008 (continued)
  Age Groups  
Category of Person 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ UK Total
Driver 42 59 47 35 53 0 343
Passenger* 9 12 12 10 14 0 124
Pedestrian 11 13 14 8 24 0 94
Bicyclist 0 3 1 0 1 0 12
Bicycle Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
All Terrain Vehicle** Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
All Terrain Vehicle** Passenger 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Snow Vehicle Driver 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Snow Vehicle Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Motorcycle Driver 11 15 6 3 0 0 50
Motorcycle Passenger 0 1 1 0 0 0 3
Moped Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moped Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 74 104 81 56 92 0 631

* Includes hangers on
** In this table, all terrain vehicles include two-wheel, three-wheel and four-wheel off-road vehicles.
UK = Unknown
Only persons involved in HTA reportable collisions are shown in this table (for more information on special vehicles, see Chapter 6).

Table 2.3: Category of Person Injured by Age Groups, 2008
  Age Groups
Category of Person 0-4 5-9 10-15 16 17 18 19 20 21-24
Driver 0 0 18 129 623 830 865 859 3,465
Passenger* 706 945 1,458 470 590 572 578 561 1,732
Pedestrian 86 141 483 132 123 121 145 103 389
Bicyclist 0 4 15 9 10 13 17 13 73
Bicycle Passenger 0 12 57 13 9 19 8 12 37
All Terrain Vehicle** Driver 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 1 3
All Terrain Vehicle** Passenger 0 0 2 2 2 1 0 0 1
Snow Vehicle Driver 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2
Snow Vehicle Passenger 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0
Motorcycle Driver 0 0 2 10 12 14 19 14 95
Motorcycle Passenger 1 2 4 3 6 3 5 11 34
Moped Driver 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Moped Passenger 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2
Other 4 7 7 5 4 10 5 2 22
Total 797 1,111 2,051 773 1,382 1,586 1,643 1,577 5,855
Table 2.3: Category of Person Injured by Age Groups, 2008 (continued)
  Age Groups  
Category of Person 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ UK Total
Driver 7,403 7,496 7,106 4,187 1,918 1,267 53 36,219
Passenger* 2,522 1,962 1,979 1,381 855 776 592 17,679
Pedestrian 637 528 547 411 260 256 92 4,454
Bicyclist 110 109 91 46 17 6 1,482 2,015
Bicycle Passenger 47 59 55 25 12 3 3 371
All Terrain Vehicle** Driver 4 3 3 0 0 2 3 23
All Terrain Vehicle** Passenger 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 11
Snow Vehicle Driver 2 5 5 1 0 0 0 17
Snow Vehicle Passenger 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 5
Motorcycle Driver 275 276 292 157 30 1 2 1,199
Motorcycle Passenger 62 70 108 44 13 1 10 377
Moped Driver 10 7 10 10 1 1 0 41
Moped Passenger 3 0 3 1 0 0 0 11
Other 43 57 62 44 13 18 18 321
Total 11,121 10,573 10,262 6,307 3,119 2,331 2,255 62,743

* Includes hangers on
** In this table, all terrain vehicles include two-wheel, three-wheel and four-wheel off-road vehicles.
UK = Unknown
Only persons involved in HTA reportable collisions are shown in this table (for more information on special vehicles, see Chapter 6).

Table 2.4: Sex of Driver by Class of Collision, 2008
  Class of Collision  
Sex of Driver Fatal Personal Injury Property Damage Total
Male 715 47,932 190,617 239,264
Female 232 29,974 107,891 138,097
Unknown* 15 4,176 23,367 27,558
Total 962 82,082 321,875 404,919

* This includes situations where the enforcement officer is unable to make a determination, e.g., hit and run.

Fatal Collision: A motor vehicle collision in which at least one person sustains bodily injury resulting in death within 30 days of the collision.
Personal Injury Collision: A motor vehicle collision in which at least one person involved sustains bodily injury not resulting in death.
Property Damage: A motor vehicle collision in which no person sustains bodily injury, but in which there is damage to any public property or damage to private property including damage to the motor vehicle or its load.

Table 2.5: Driver Condition by Class of Collision, 2008
  Class of Collision  
Condition of Driver Fatal Personal Injury Property Damage Total
Normal 641 61,929 246,531 309,109
Had Been Drinking 34 959 2,128 3,121
Ability Impaired – Alcohol over .08 87 812 1,698 2,597
Ability Impaired Alcohol 12 396 850 1,258
Ability Impaired Drugs 11 98 162 263
Fatigue 12 551 1,084 1,647
Medical/Physical Disability 19 571 548 1,138
Inattentive 84 11,030 24,265 35,379
Other * 9 300 901 1,210
Unknown ** 53 5,436 43,708 49,197
Total 962 82,082 321,875 404,919

* Driver condition is not defined above
** This includes situations where the enforcement officer is unable to make a determination, e.g., hit and run.

Had Been Drinking: Driver had consumed alcohol but his/her physical condition was not legally impaired.
Ability Impaired Alcohol over .08: Driver had consumed alcohol and upon testing was found to have a blood alcohol level in excess of .08 grams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood.
Ability Impaired Alcohol: Driver had consumed sufficient alcohol to warrant being charged with a drinking and driving offence.
Inattentive: Driver was operating a motor vehicle without due care and attention or placing less than full concentration on driving, e.g., changing radio stations, consuming food, reading, talking on phone or two-way radio, using headphones.

Table 2.6: Driver Age by Driver Condition in all Collisions, 2008*
  Driver Condition  
Driver Age Normal Had Been Drinkin Impaired Alcohol over .08 Ability Impaired Alcohol Other Unknown Total
Under 16 87 7 0 7 47 32 180
16 1,085 17 9 6 279 107 1,503
17 4,879 51 32 15 1,118 414 6,509
18 6,204 108 62 17 1,332 556 8,279
19 6,417 109 106 56 1,214 577 8,479
20 6,380 147 107 45 1,134 582 8,395
21–24 26,849 536 433 166 3,992 2,289 34,265
25–34 62,041 754 623 307 7,198 5,110 76,033
35–44 68,654 558 499 266 7,246 5,650 82,873
45–54 62,961 443 438 212 6,394 4,945 75,393
55–64 36,458 191 188 96 4,271 2,895 44,099
65–74 15,737 69 75 32 2,294 1,354 19,561
75 & over 8,828 34 16 13 2,017 884 11,792
Unknown 2,529 97 9 20 1,101 23,802 27,558
Total 309,109 3,121 2,597 1,258 39,637 49,197 404,919

* Includes bicyclists, drivers of all terrain vehicles, etc.

Table 2.7: Recorded Occurrence of Driver Condition in Drivers Killed, 2008*
Recorded Occurrence Number of Drivers %
Normal 247 62.3
Had Been Drinking 21 5.1
Ability Impaired – Alcohol over .08 68 16.6
Ability Impaired Alcohol 1 0.2
Ability Impaired Drugs 9 0.2
Fatigue 6 1.5
Medical/Physical Disability 18 4.4
Inattentive 32 7.8
Other * 7 1.7
Unknown ** 0 0.0
Total 409 100.0

* Total includes drivers of all vehicle types killed in HTA reportable collisions.

Table 2.8: Apparent Driver Action by Class of Collision, 2008
  Class of Collision  
Apparent Driver Action Fatal Personal Injury Property Damage Total
Driving Properly 403 38,994 157,914 197,311
Following Too Close 8 7,134 26,602 33,744
Speed Too Fast 64 810 1,582 2,456
Speed Too Fast for Conditions 60 4,453 17,348 21,861
Speed Too Slow 0 66 214 280
Improper Turn 16 3,599 11,476 15,091
Disobey Traffic Control 48 3,770 5,988 9,806
Fail to Yield Right of Way 77 8,337 19,851 28,265
Improper Passing 11 631 2,711 3,353
Lost Control 122 6,128 18,734 24,984
Wrong Way on One Way Road 3 92 187 282
Improper Lane Change 17 1,537 9,658 11,212
Other* 92 4,755 18,692 23,539
Unknown 41 1,776 30,918 32,735
Total 962 82,082 321,875 404,919

* Includes actions such as hit and run, driving on the wrong side of the road, improper parking and illegally parked.

Tables 2.9 through 2.12 include only seat belt usage in collisions in which there were fatalities and personal injuries. Property damage only collisions are excluded.

Table 2.9: Seat Belt Usage by Severity of Driver Injury in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions, 2008
  Severity of Injury  
Safety Equipment Used Fatal Major Minor Minimal None Injured Total
Seat Belt Used 213 973 13,465 18,026 32,295 64,972
Other Equipment* 22 84 703 654 393 1,856
Equipment Not Used 68 134 260 111 77 650
No Safety Equipment 1 9 36 44 69 159
Use Unknown 39 121 903 696 1,982 3,741
Total 343 1,321 15,367 19,531 34,816 71,378

* Other equipment includes use of airbags. Combined use of seat belt with airbag deployment is unknown.

Table 2.10: Seat Belt Usage by Severity of Passenger* Injury in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions, 2008
  Severity of Injury  
Safety Equipment Used Fatal Major Minor Minimal None Injured Total
Seat Belt Used 57 462 5,749 7,980 14,735 28,983
Child Safety Seat Used Incorrectly 2 2 22 24 92 142
Child Safety Seat Used Correctly 1 15 186 428 1,835 2,465
Other Equipment* 2 31 214 191 145 583
Equipment Not Used 29 107 267 142 85 630
No Safety Equipment 10 45 395 495 940 1,885
Use Unknown 23 66 407 355 879 1,730
Total 124 728 7,240 9,615 18,711 36,418

* Includes hangers on and excludes passengers in parked vehicles.
** Other equipment includes use of airbags. Combined use of seat belt with airbag deployment is unknown.

Table 2.11: Restraint Use for Children (0–4 Years) Killed in Collisions, 2004–2008
Year Used Child Restraint Used Correctly Child Restraint Used Incorrectly Lap/Lap & Shoulder Belt Restraint Not Available Restraint Not Used Use Unknown Total
2004 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2005 6 0 0 1 0 1 8
2006 5 1 0 0 0 1 7
2007 2 1 0 0 0 0 3
2008 1 2 1 0 0 0 4
Table 2.12: Restraint Use for Children (0–4 Years) Involved in Fatal and Personal Injury Collisions by Severity of Injury, 2008
  Injury Level
Restraint Used Major / Fatal % Minimal / Minor % No Injuries %
Child Restraint Used Correctly 45.8 62.4 64.1
Child Restraint Used Incorrectly 12.5 5.2 3.5
Lap/Lap-Shoulder Belt 20.8 23.0 26.5
Not Available 4.2 6.0 3.2
Available/Not Used 8.3 0.9 0.1
Other 0.0 0.7 0.2
Unknown 8.3 1.7 2.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
Table 2.13: Pedestrian Condition by Severity of Injury, 2008
Condition of Pedestrian Killed Injured
Normal 49 3,014
Had Been Drinking 7 192
Ability Impaired Alcohol over .08 20 6
Ability Impaired Alcohol 1 48
Ability Impaired Drugs 4 9
Fatigue 1 5
Medical or Physical Defect 3 113
Inattentive 9 630
Other 0 74
Unknown 0 363
Total 94 4,454
Table 2.14: Apparent Pedestrian Action by Severity of Injury, 2008
Apparent Pedestrian Action Killed Injured
Crossing Intersection With Right of Way 17 1,745
Crossing Intersection Without Right of Way 19 651
Crossing Intersection No Traffic Control 14 269
Crossing Pedestrian Crossover 3 122
Crossing Marked Crosswalk Without Right of Way 4 121
Walking on Roadway With Traffic 10 130
Walking on Roadway Against Traffic 4 72
On Sidewalk or Shoulder 3 302
Playing or Working on Highway 0 57
Coming from Behind Parked Vehicle or Object 2 87
Running onto Roadway 5 296
Getting On/Off School Bus* 0 3
Getting On/Off Vehicle 0 69
Pushing/Working on Vehicle 0 17
Other 13 513
Total 94 4,454

* Calendar Year

2B. Putting the People in Context

Table 2.15: Category of Persons Killed and Injured, 1988–2008
  Driver Passenger* Pedestrian All Others
Year Ontario Population (Est.)** Killed Injured Killed Injured Killed Injured Killed Injured
1988 9,439,600 563 63,339 350 39,157 186 6,344 138 9,318
1989 9,598,600 627 66,334 369 39,950 161 6,187 129 8,181
1990 9,743,300 540 55,073 321 33,606 154 5,839 105 7,057
1991 10,084,900 542 48,021 298 30,230 157 5,352 105 6,916
1992 10,098,600 548 49,259 317 30,567 140 5,177 85 6,022
1993 10,813,200 595 49,628 296 30,584 146 5,181 98 5,756
1994 10,927,800 508 49,632 273 29,570 127 5,344 91 5,484
1995 11,100,000 527 49,916 276 29,440 126 5,261 70 4,955
1996 11,320,456 459 49,614 270 28,997 144 5,336 55 4,458
1997 11,500,329 474 47,861 224 27,915 133 5,154 68 4,597
1998 11,675,497 437 47,088 222 26,422 121 4,978 74 4,704
1999 11,513,700 452 47,943 221 26,774 132 4,894 63 4,451
2000 11,695,110 437 48,068 243 27,206 112 5,190 57 4,544
2001 11,966,960 430 45,758 224 26,510 119 5,063 72 4,451
2002 12,027,900 450 47,909 227 26,742 131 4,990 65 4,551
2003 12,293,700 425 44,212 216 24,563 120 4,758 70 4,346
2004 12,407,300 433 41,608 191 22,396 104 4,505 71 4,499
2005 12,558,669 377 41,199 183 21,268 105 4,709 101 4,674
2006 12,705,328 383 39,633 169 20,005 126 4,729 91 4,426
2007 12,803,861 396 38,913 186 19,112 108 4,636 75 4,514
2008 12,932,297 343 36,219 124 17,679 94 4,454 70 4,391
Table 2.15: Category of Persons Killed and Injured, 1988–2008 (continued)
  Persons Killed In All Classes Persons Injured In All Classes
Year Number Rate Per 100,000 Number Rate Per 100,000
1988 1,237 13.1 118,158 1,251.7
1989 1,286 13.4 120,652 1,257.0
1990 1,120 11.5 101,575 1,042.5
1991 1,102 10.9 90,519 897.6
1992 1,090 10.8 91,025 901.4
1993 1,135 10.5 91,149 842.9
1994 999 9.1 90,030 823.9
1995 999 9 89,572 807.0
1996 928 8.2 88,405 780.9
1997 899 7.8 85,527 743.7
1998 854 7.3 83,192 712.5
1999 868 7.5 84,062 730.1
2000 849 7.3 85,009 726.9
2001 845 7.1 81,782 683.4
2002 873 7.3 84,192 700.0
2003 831 6.8 77,879 633.5
2004 799 6.4 73,008 588.4
2005 766 6.1 71,850 572.1
2006 769 6.1 68,793 541.5
2007 765 6.0 67,175 524.6
2008 631 4.9 62,743 485.2

* Excludes motorcycle passengers, who are included with “All Others”.
** Source: Statistics Canada

Table 2.16: Sex of Driver Population by Age Groups, 2008
  Age Groups
Sex of Driver 16–19 20–24 25–34 35–44
Male 253,956 386,802 783,013 925,887
Female 224,994 357,689 770,539 882,710
Total 478,950 744,491 1,553,552 1,808,597
Table 2.16: Sex of Driver Population by Age Groups, 2008 (continued)
  Age Groups  
Sex of Driver 45–54 55–64 65+ Total
Male 972,506 701,961 673,549 4,697,674
Female 903,236 637,987 567,457 4,344,612
Total 1,875,742 1,339,948 1,241,006 9,042,286
Table 2.17: Driver Population by Age Groups, 1988–2008
  Age Groups  
Year 16–19 20–24 25–34 35–44 45–54 55–64 65+ Total
1988 310,764 643,691 1,588,516 1,353,841 898,103 714,266 608,931 6,118,112
1989 323,109 631,470 1,634,187 1,409,053 931,991 720,788 639,826 6,290,424
1990 322,542 629,478 1,666,474 1,467,699 964,925 728,380 669,385 6,448,883
1991 319,584 627,931 1,673,502 1,501,765 1,018,365 736,652 696,432 6,574,231
1992 314,685 623,707 1,665,433 1,528,726 1,082,883 745,759 727,568 6,688,761
1993 326,389 621,934 1,655,573 1,566,083 1,136,365 758,840 758,244 6,823,428
1994 358,817 622,704 1,645,962 1,611,972 1,190,442 770,882 783,181 6,983,960
1995 360,847 614,094 1,621,989 1,659,749 1,240,072 782,871 806,396 7,086,018
1996 361,571 612,060 1,608,567 1,717,050 1,297,289 805,486 856,144 7,258,167
1997 394,512 624,532 1,611,708 1,789,110 1,360,555 837,606 919,584 7,537,607
1998 412,589 634,053 1,593,744 1,845,474 1,415,258 872,426 954,212 7,727,756
1999 426,643 642,808 1,576,673 1,895,323 1,475,588 907,235 994,044 7,918,314
2000 438,170 659,331 1,582,207 1,935,150 1,540,499 939,838 1,026,179 8,121,374
2001 449,853 671,424 1,580,758 1,946,713 1,577,920 990,745 1,049,203 8,266,616
2002 458,627 686,561 1,580,837 1,945,944 1,612,219 1,053,877 1,075,439 8,413,504
2003 457,049 704,720 1,575,345 1,940,896 1,653,604 1,105,726 1,104,215 8,541,555
2004 453,157 719,861 1,567,346 1,929,418 1,698,350 1,157,824 1,129,641 8,655,597
2005 447,954 727,529 1,557,476 1,912,898 1,748,335 1,206,374 1,161,644 8,762,210
2006 461,058 736,575 1,550,313 1,888,582 1,793,515 1,252,613 1,185,309 8,867,965
2007 466,979 739,555 1,547,980 1,851,780 1,835,315 1,296,295 1,207,493 8,945,397
2008 478,950 744,491 1,553,552 1,808,597 1,875,742 1,339,948 1,241,006 9,042,286
Table 2.18: Driver Licence Class by Sex, 2008
  Driver Sex  
Licence Class Male % Female % Total %
A 102,537 2.18 2,212 0.05 104,749 1.16
AB 5,036 0.11 676 0.02 5,712 0.06
ABM 2,594 0.06 166 0.00 2,760 0.03
ABM1 20 0.00 5 0.00 25 0.00
ABM2 216 0.00 46 0.00 262 0.00
AC 27,554 0.59 1,074 0.02 28,628 0.32
ACM 10,704 0.23 179 0.00 10,883 0.12
ACM1 214 0.00 7 0.00 221 0.00
ACM2 1,465 0.03 56 0.00 1,521 0.02
AM 27,926 0.59 191 0.00 28,117 0.31
AM1 439 0.01 5 0.00 444 0.00
AM2 3,666 0.08 78 0.00 3,744 0.04
B 17,731 0.38 17,604 0.41 35,335 0.39
BM 4,711 0.10 933 0.02 5,644 0.06
BM1 40 0.00 35 0.00 75 0.00
BM2 432 0.01 310 0.01 742 0.01
C 7,501 0.16 1,089 0.03 8,590 0.09
CM 1,775 0.04 76 0.00 1,851 0.02
CM1 31 0.00 5 0.00 36 0.00
CM2 264 0.01 28 0.00 292 0.00
D 222,314 4.73 22,150 0.51 244,464 2.70
DE 107 0.00 34 0.00 141 0.00
DEM 26 0.00 0 0.00 26 0.00
DEM1 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00
DEM2 3 0.00 1 0.00 4 0.00
DF 2,525 0.05 203 0.00 2,728 0.03
DFM 877 0.02 27 0.00 904 0.01
DFM1 17 0.00 0 0.00 17 0.00
DFM2 127 0.00 15 0.00 142 0.00
DM 63,179 1.34 1,687 0.04 64,866 0.72
DM1 568 0.01 37 0.00 605 0.01
DM2 4,766 0.10 319 0.01 5,085 0.06
E 1,426 0.03 2,257 0.05 3,683 0.04
EM 156 0.00 37 0.00 193 0.00
EM1 1 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00
EM2 18 0.00 7 0.00 25 0.00
F 7,565 0.16 6,047 0.14 13,612 0.15
FM 1,398 0.03 248 0.01 1,646 0.02
FM1 36 0.00 15 0.00 51 0.00
FM2 253 0.01 151 0.00 404 0.00
G 3,200,532 68.13 3,535,436 81.38 6,735,968 74.49
G1 241,004 5.13 332,420 7.65 573,424 6.34
G1M 59 0.00 18 0.00 77 0.00
G1M1 588 0.01 120 0.00 708 0.01
G1M2 987 0.02 247 0.01 1,234 0.01
G2 335,140 7.13 341,075 7.85 676,215 7.48
G2M 329 0.01 59 0.00 388 0.00
G2M1 670 0.01 107 0.00 777 0.01
G2M2 3,160 0.07 527 0.01 3,687 0.04
GM 335,258 7.14 57,046 1.31 392,304 4.34
GM1 6,420 0.14 1,878 0.04 8,298 0.09
GM2 51,717 1.10 17,267 0.40 68,984 0.76
M 762 0.02 144 0.00 906 0.01
M1 285 0.01 77 0.00 362 0.00
M2 545 0.01 180 0.00 725 0.01
Total 4,697,674 100.00 4,344,612 100.00 9,042,286 100.00
Table 2.19: Licensed Drivers, Total Collisions, Persons Killed and Injured, 1931–2008
Year Licensed Drivers Total Collisions Persons Killed Persons Injured
1931 666,266 9,241 571 8,494
1932 648,710 9,171 502 8,231
1933 638,710 8,634 403 7,877
1934 665,743 9,645 512 8,990
1935 707,457 10,648 560 9,839
1936 755,765 11,388 546 10,251
1937 802,765 13,906 766 12,092
1938 866,729 13,715 640 11,683
1939 899,572 13,710 652 11,638
1940 937,551 16,921 716 13,715
1941 986,773 18,167 801 14,275
1942 961,883 13,490 567 10,205
1943 919,457 11,025 549 8,628
1944 905,650 11,004 498 8,373
1945 971,852 13,458 598 9,804
1946 1,087,445 17,356 688 12,228
1947 1,144,291 22,293 734 13,056
1948 1,209,408 27,406 740 14,970
1949 1,278,584 34,472 830 17,469
1950 1,366,388 43,681 791 19,940
1951 1,461,538 54,920 949 22,557
1952 1,556,559 58,515 1,010 23,643
1953 1,656,259 65,866 1,082 24,353
1954 1,747,567 62,509 1,045 24,607
1955 1,856,845 63,219 1,111 26,246
1956 1,967,789 71,399 1,180 28,626
1957 2,088,551 76,302 1,279 30,414
1958 2,176,417 76,884 1,112 30,106
1959 2,270,246 81,518 1,187 31,602
1960 2,355,567 87,186 1,166 34,436
1961 2,414,615 85,577 1,268 37,146
1962 2,469,425 94,231 1,383 41,766
1963 2,555,015 104,919 1,421 47,801
1964 2,694,023 111,232 1,424 54,560
1965 2,739,138 128,462 1,611 60,917
1966 2,821,648 139,781 1,596 65,210
1967 3,004,654 145,008 1,719 67,280
1968 3,128,509 155,127 1,586 71,520
1969 3,247,979 169,395 1,683 74,902
1970 3,422,892 141,609 1,535 75,126
1971 3,563,197 158,831 1,769 84,650
1972 3,688,541 189,494 1,934 95,181
1973 3,841,628 193,021 1,959 97,790
1974 3,972,980 204,271 1,748 98,673
1975 4,160,623 213,689 1,800 97,034
1976 4,315,925 211,865 1,511 83,736
1977 4,562,903 218,567 1,420 95,664
1978 4,725,546 186,363 1,450 94,979
1979 4,858,351 197,196 1,560 101,321
1980 4,993,531 196,501 1,508 101,367
1981 5,123,177 198,372 1,445 100,321
1982 5,247,198 187,943 1,138 92,815
1983 5,380,259 181,999 1,204 91,706
1984 5,513,911 194,782 1,132 97,230
1985 5,660,422 189,750 1,191 109,169
1986 5,817,799 187,286 1,102 108,839
1987 5,978,105 203,431 1,229 121,089
1988 6,118,112 228,398 1,237 118,158
1989 6,290,424 247,038 1,286 120,652
1990 6,448,883 220,188 1,120 101,575
1991 6,574,231 213,669 1,102 90,519
1992 6,688,761 224,249 1,090 91,025
1993 6,823,428 228,834 1,135 91,149
1994 6,983,960 226,996 999 90,030
1995 7,086,018 219,085 999 89,572
1996 7,258,167 215,024 929 88,445
1997 7,537,607 221,500 899 85,527
1998 7,727,756 213,356 854 83,192
1999 7,918,314 221,962 868 84,062
2000 8,121,374 240,630 849 85,009
2001 8,266,616 234,004 845 81,782
2002 8,413,504 244,642 873 84,192
2003 8,541,555 246,463 831 77,879
2004 8,655,597 231,548 799 73,008
2005 8,762,210 230,258 766 71,850
2006 8,867,965 216,247 769 68,793
2007 8,945,397 233,487 765 67,175
2008 9,042,286 229,196 631 62,743
Table 2.20: Driver Age Groups – Number Licensed, Collision Involvement and Per Cent Involved in Collisions, 2008
Drivers Age Drivers Licensed Drivers Involved in Collisions* % of Drivers of Each Age Involved in Collisions
  Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
Under 16 0 0 0 105 25 130 N/A N/A N/A
16 48,129 42,460 90,589 896 572 1,468 1.86 1.35 1.62
17 61,454 54,332 115,786 3,889 2,581 6,470 6.33 4.75 5.59
18 70,587 61,856 132,443 5,140 3,098 8,238 7.28 5.01 6.22
19 73,786 66,346 140,132 5,313 3,131 8,444 7.20 4.72 6.03
20 75,139 68,223 143,362 5,221 3,134 8,355 6.95 4.59 5.83
21–24 311,663 289,466 601,129 20,924 13,161 34,085 6.71 4.55 5.67
25–34 783,013 770,539 1,553,552 46,997 28,630 75,627 6.00 3.72 4.87
35–44 925,887 882,710 1,808,597 51,162 31,195 82,357 5.53 3.53 4.55
45–54 972,506 903,236 1,875,742 47,890 26,968 74,858 4.92 2.99 3.99
55–64 701,961 637,987 1,339,948 29,174 14,682 43,856 4.16 2.30 3.27
65–74 409,451 348,829 758,280 13,083 6,396 19,479 3.20 1.83 2.57
75 & over 264,098 218,628 482,726 7,543 4,211 11,754 2.86 1.93 2.43
Unknown 0 0 0 42,336 0 42,336 N/A N/A N/A
Total 4,697,674 4,344,612 9,042,286 279,673 137,784 417,457 5.95 3.17 4.62

* This table includes people in the driver’s position of parked vehicles and excludes drivers of some vehicles such as bicycles, snow and off-road vehicles, etc.

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