Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Safety Manual

Module 4 - Commercial Vehicle Operators' Registration

Overview

The Carrier Safety and Enforcement Branch of the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario has prepared this guide to assist and ensure that truck and bus companies (commercial vehicle operators) operate safely and are compliant with the regulations that govern highway use. Ontario, other provinces, the Government of Canada and the transportation industry developed the rules and regulations to help reduce the number and severity of collisions. Each jurisdiction has used the National Safety Code standards as guides in drafting their own transportation safety legislation. This approach promotes uniformity across Canada and helps to ensure that the transportation industry remains as viable and sustainable as possible.

This guide applies to Ontario operators of commercial motor vehicles that are:

  • Trucks, tractors or trailers, or a combination of these vehicles, that have a registered gross vehicle weight or actual weight of more than 4,500 kilograms
  • Tow trucks, regardless of registered gross weight or actual weight
  • Buses with a manufactured seating capacity of 10 persons or more, excluding the driver
  • Accessible vehicles and school-purposes vehicles, depending upon use

The guide contains several modules, each dealing with a specific topic. To get a complete picture of compliance requirements, you should obtain the complete guide. If you intend to use certain parts of this guide only (for example, Module 1, "Getting Started”) it is recommended that you also obtain the modules "Introduction” and "Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Registration.”

This is a guide only and is not meant to be a substitute for the relevant statutes and regulations. This guide highlights some important legal provisions but is not an exhaustive description of all the laws that apply.

Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators' Registration Learning Objectives

As you work through this module, you will be able to:

  • Identify which truck and bus companies are required to register for a Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Registration (CVOR).
  • Understand your responsibilities as a CVOR holder.
  • Know how to apply for a CVOR and gather the required information.
  • Know when you need to renew your CVOR.
  • Know the fees associated with the CVOR program.
  • Develop an understanding of how the CVOR system works.
  • Develop an understanding of the CVOR abstract.
  • Know how intervention and sanctions are applied to a CVOR holder.
  • Develop an understanding of the Carrier Safety Rating system.

Introduction

The Commercial Vehicle Operators' Registration (CVOR) system and the Carrier Safety Rating (CSR) program were developed by the Ministry of Transportation as part of Ontario's ongoing commitment to road safety. These programs promote the safe operation of trucks and buses on Ontario's roadways.

Each operator is responsible for monitoring its CVOR record and the performance information it provides, including violation rates, thresholds, audit scores and resulting safety rating. The operator should identify and address problem areas in order to improve their commercial motor vehicle safety performance.

The CVOR system is part of the Carrier Safety Rating program. The Ministry of Transportation monitors operators and assigns each a safety rating based on several factors: collisions, inspections and convictions, as well as the results of facility audits.

The CVOR system tracks the on-road safety performance of operators of the following vehicles:

  • Trucks that have a gross weight or registered gross weight over 4,500 kilograms (9,920 lb)
  • Tow trucks, regardless of registered gross weight or actual weight
  • Buses that have a designed seating capacity of 10 or more passengers

The goal of the CVOR system is to improve road safety for all users of Ontario highways by having an effective monitoring and intervention system for operators. Poor performance may result in the loss of privileges to operate commercial motor vehicles.

For more information on the Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Registration program contact:

Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office
Ministry of Transportation
301 St. Paul Street, 3rd Floor
St. Catharines, ON L2R 7R4
Tel: In Ontario 1-800-387-7736 ext.6300
all other locations 1-416-246-7166 ext 6300
Fax: 905-704-2039 or 905-704-2525

CVOR Requirements

A CVOR certificate is required to operate commercial motor vehicles that are:

  • Plated in Ontario,
  • Plated in the US
  • Plated in Mexico.

Vehicles that are plated in other Canadian provinces or territories - but not Ontario - do not need a CVOR certificate. They require a safety fitness certificate (NSC number) from the province or territory in which the vehicle is plated, excluding Quebec that require a Numéro d’Identification du Registre (NIR).

Note: For-hire operators of buses, including motor coaches, school buses and school-purpose vehicles, or any other motor vehicle including cars, vans and limos may also require an operating authority under the Ontario Public Vehicles Act and Motor Vehicle Transport Act (Canada). Contact the Ontario Highway Transport Board at (416) 326-6732 for more information.

Ontario confirms the Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Registration (CVOR) status of owners of trucks and buses that are required to be operated under the authority of a valid CVOR. This will be completed at the time of registration or renewal of the licence plate for their truck or bus. If a vehicle is not exempt from the requirement to hold a valid CVOR, owners may not be able to attach a licence plate or renew the licence plate on the truck or bus.

Exemptions

Operators with certain types of vehicles do not need a CVOR certificate. These vehicles include:

  • A truck or bus that is plated in another Canadian jurisdiction
  • A truck, other than a tow truck, with a registered gross weight (RGW) and a gross weight of 4,500 kilograms or less, whether towing a trailer or not (see Determining RGW)
  • A truck or bus leased by an individual for 30 days or less to move their personal goods, or to carry passengers at no fare
  • An ambulance, fire apparatus, hearse, casket wagon, or mobile crane
  • An unladen truck or bus operating under the authority of a dealer plate or service plate
  • A bus used for personal purposes without compensation
  • A motor home used for personal purposes
  • A pickup truck used for personal purposes (for more information on personal use pickup-truck exemptions, refer to: http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/trucks/commercial-vehicle-faq.shtml#a15)

Note: For current exemptions, please refer to the Highway Traffic Act.

CVOR Written Test

The Ministry of Transportation (MTO) requires all Ontario-based Operators who apply for a Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Registration (CVOR) certificate to complete a CVOR written test. Operators will be required to demonstrate knowledge of Ontario’s safety laws by completing this test in person at a DriveTest Centre before MTO will issue a CVOR certificate. 

When Should the CVOR Test be Completed

The CVOR Test is to be completed after MTO has accepted your application for a CVOR certificate.

Who is Required to Take the CVOR Test

The CVOR test must be completed by an individual on behalf of an operator applying for the CVOR, that individual is not considered to have successfully completed the CVOR test on behalf of any other operator. This individual must be the owner, sole proprietor, corporate officer or director of a corporation

Time Limits to Complete

The CVOR test may be attempted as many times as needed; however, the test must be successfully completed within six months of MTO accepting the application.

Where to Go

The CVOR test must be completed in person at a DriveTest Centre in Ontario.  To find a DriveTest Centre location near you, visit www.drivetest.ca

What to Bring

MTO will provide an applicant with an application confirmation letter, once an application has been processed, outlining your requirement to complete the CVOR test including:

  • How to locate a DriveTest Centre;
  • Who is required to complete the test (owner, sole proprietor, corporate officer or director of a corporation listed on your application);
  • What to bring
    • Copy of the application confirmation letter and
    • Photo identification
    • Test fee of $32.

Once the CVOR test is successfully completed; DriveTest will notify the MTO and the CVOR certificate may be issued.  This requires 24-hours to process.

How to Prepare

The CVOR test is multi-choice and based on the content of this manual, the Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators’ Safety manual.

You can also prepare by completing the CVOR practice test.

New applicants are required to complete the CVOR application process and once notified by MTO by receipt of an application confirmation letter, complete the test in-person at a DriveTest Location.

You will be required to bring your application confirmation letter from MTO and photo identification with you to the DriveTest centre location in order to complete your test.

NOTE:  DriveTest staff will only administer the CVOR test to those identified on the application confirmation letter from MTO.  This includes the owner, sole proprietor, corporate officer or director of a corporation as per the information the applicant provided on their application form.  DriveTest staff will require photo identification and a copy of the MTO application confirmation letter to confirm the identity of the individual completing the test.

If you require a corporate officer or director to be added to your file or require a second copy of the application confirmation letter provided by MTO you must contact the Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office.

CVOR Operator Responsibilities

A CVOR operator is the person or legal entity responsible for the operation of a commercial motor vehicle. The operator is responsible for:

  • The conduct of the driver
  • The mechanical safety condition of the vehicle
  • The goods or passengers on the vehicle

The operator does not necessarily need to be the vehicle owner, but must be able to immediately produce a valid CVOR certificate for the legal entity when using vehicles that are leased or contracted.

Operators are responsible for all the drivers and vehicles in their operation. For example, these responsibilities include:

  • Employing qualified and licensed drivers
  • Monitoring the safety performance of drivers, including hours of service
  • Resolving driver safety issues when they are identified
  • Keeping vehicles in good, safe condition at all times
  • Ensuring load security
  • Ensuring that daily and annual/semi-annual inspections are completed
  • Keeping records on file (for example, vehicle repairs, kilometres travelled per year, annual inspection reports and so on)
  • Notifying the ministry of changes such as name, address, telephone numbers, fleet data, kilometric travel, changes in corporate officers and so on

Among other Provincial & Federal legislative requirements, operators must comply with all regulations and legislation under the Highway Traffic Act in order to operate a business in Ontario. Failing to comply may result in sanctions or loss of operating privileges.

CVOR Application

To apply for a CVOR certificate, an operator must complete a Commercial Vehicle Operators’ Registration certificate application and pay the required fee of $250.00. Operators can print the application form and guidelines.

Operators can also obtain an application form by contacting Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office.

CVOR Application Requirements

The CVOR application requires information about the operator such as:

  • Type of operation
  • Corporate officers, directors and partners
  • Fleet size
  • Kilometres travelled
  • Authorized signature.

Upon completing the application process new applicants are required to complete a CVOR written test.  New Ontario-based applicants must successfully pass the CVOR test prior to being issued a CVOR certificate and obtaining the ability to operate on Ontario roads.

Additional documentation may be required for new applicants (for example, articles of incorporation, master business licence and so on).

After the Ministry receives and processes the completed application the CVOR certificate will be mailed to the operator.

Renewal of Your CVOR Certificate

CVOR certificates are assigned an expiry date. New applicants for CVOR certificates will be assigned an expiry date at time of issuance.

Annual renewal will be required for all operators, except those with Carrier Safety Ratings of "satisfactory" or "excellent". These operators will be required to renew their certificate only every two years.

Operators will be sent a notice 60 days prior to expiry. An operator that does not renew prior to the expiry date is liable to a fine and possibly to imprisonment, under section 21(2) of the Highway Traffic Act, if one or more of its commercial motor vehicles is found operating on an Ontario highway.

Fee Schedule

Fees Application
$250.00
  1. Application for and issuance of an original CVOR certificate
  2. Re-instate a CVOR certificate after it has been invalid for more than 12 months
  3. Re-instate a terminated CVOR certificate after its expiry date
$ 32.00 CVOR Test fee
$ 50.00
Annual Renewal fee.

How the CVOR System Works

The CVOR system monitors an operator's record over a two-year period. This automated computer system contains information that includes:

  • Operator information
  • Convictions
  • Reportable collisions
  • Safety inspections (conducted to CVSA criteria)
  • Ministry interventions (for example, letters, interviews, audits and sanctions)

The CVOR certificate identifies the operator and contains a unique nine-digit identification number. A copy of the certificate (or original) must be carried in each commercial motor vehicle operated under the CVOR certificate. Operators must surrender the certificate for inspection purposes when requested by an MTO enforcement officer or police officer.

Sample CVOR certificate

Jurisdictions outside Canada

Operators of commercial motor vehicles in Ontario that are plated in any jurisdiction outside Canada must apply for, and obtain, a CVOR certificate.

Lease

Where a lease is involved, it must identify both the vehicle and the lessee's CVOR number if the CVOR certificate is not carried in the vehicle. Documented proof of the lease must also be carried in the vehicle.

Reporting CVOR Changes or Errors (Current CVOR Registrants)

Under the Highway Traffic Act (HTA), changes to corporate officers (officers, directors or partners), operator name or address must be reported to the ministry within 15 days. Changes to shareholders should not be reported.

The HTA requires that changes to fleet size and kilometres travelled must also be reported to the Deputy Registrar. A change that increases or decreases an operator's fleet size by more than 20 percent must be reported within 15 days after the change, or within 15 days of receiving a request from the Deputy Registrar for this information. Changes to kilometres travelled must also be reported to the Deputy Registrar upon receiving a request for this information. Failure to do so could result in charges being laid against the operator and is a condition of retaining a CVOR certificate.

A new certificate will only be issued for changes to the operator name, or if a replacement is required due to loss, damage and so on. All name changes require proper and legal supporting documentation.

Corporate Officers/Directors

If there is a change of corporate officers and/or directors, the operator must contact MTO Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office to have a CVOR update application sent to them.

Fleet Size/Kilometres Travelled

If there is a change in fleet size or kilometres travelled, the operator must contact MTO Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office to have a CVOR update application sent to them.

Note: Changes to fleet size and rate of travel are not automatically captured through the province's vehicle registration system (for example, licence-plate renewal, permit purchase or deletion).

Name/Address

Name or address changes for an individual can be made at a driver and vehicle licence- issuing office through the vehicle registration system.

Address changes for a corporation can be made at a driver and vehicle licence-issuing office.

Name changes for a corporation must be made through the licensing administration and support office by mail, at 2680 Keele Street, Downsview, Ontario M3M 3E6, or by telephone at (416) 235-2999.

Note: A new CVOR certificate will be issued for name changes, but not for address changes.

The Operator's Fleet Size

The vehicles that must be reported as part of an operator's fleet size are all trucks (including leased, rented and owned) having a gross weight or registered gross weight of more than 4,500 kilograms, all tow trucks and all buses. (A bus is a motor vehicle designed to carry 10 or more passengers, not including the driver.) Trailers and converter dollies are not counted as part of the fleet size.

These include:

  • All the trucks and buses in an operator's fleet that operate in Ontario and are plated in Ontario, the US or Mexico

These do not include:

  • Any trucks or buses in an operator's fleet that are plated in other Canadian jurisdictions
  • Any trucks or buses in an operator's fleet that NEVER travel in Ontario
  • Any trailers or trailer converter dollies in an operator's fleet

Fleet/kilometric data

The Highway Traffic Act requires operators to report fleet size and travel information to the ministry within 15 days after a change in the fleet size of 20 percent greater or less than last reported, as well as upon request. If the fleet size or rate of travel fluctuates throughout the year, the average rate of travel in Canada for the fleet operating in or through Ontario should be reported.

Operators must maintain travel records (over a period of up to 24 months) of the kilometres travelled by the trucks and buses in its fleet. These records must be kept separate (for example, one record of kilometric travel for trucks and a separate record for buses).

Operators must report any significant changes in:

  • Total kilometres driven in Ontario
  • Total kilometres driven in all other Canadian jurisdictions
  • Total kilometres driven outside of Canada

Note: For more information on determining fleet size and rate of travel please contact MTO Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office.

CVOR Abstracts

A CVOR abstract is a document that displays information about an operator and that operator's safety performance. There are three CVOR abstracts available:

  • Public CVOR Abstract (Level I) is a one-page document available to the general public summarizing an operator's record over a two-year period.
  • Carrier CVOR Abstract (Level II) is available only to the operator or their authorized agent, and includes summary data over a two-year period, as well as detailed event data for collisions, convictions and inspections for a five-year period.
  • CVOR Driver Abstract is a five-year record of collisions associated with a conviction of the driver for a safety-related offence, convictions and inspections relating to the driver (while operating a commercial motor vehicle in Ontario only). The driver-licence status and medical due date are also shown.

Carrier CVOR Abstract (Level II)

Collisions, convictions and inspections appear on a Carrier CVOR Abstract (Level II) in the following ways:

Collisions

Reportable collisions that occurred in Ontario are received by MTO from the police. Reportable collisions that occurred in other Canadian jurisdictions are reported by those jurisdictions via a Canada-wide, data-exchange system.  Only those out-of-province collisions that occurred after April 1, 2007, will appear on a carrier abstract.  A "reportable accident" involves damage over $2,000 and/or personal injury.

Collisions are assigned points based on the severity of the collision and other information on the motor vehicle accident report.  The report may also include written information on charges laid.

Collisions where no improprieties or vehicle defects are noted on the police report appear on the operator's CVOR record but do not incur points (for example, zero pointed).  Collisions reported at a collision reporting centre (self-reporting) are also included on the operator’s record and may also be pointed.

Convictions

An officer may lay a charge against a driver or operator. Convictions resulting from driver or operator charges are recorded on the operator's CVOR record with point values based on severity.

Convictions for offences that occurred in other Canadian jurisdictions are received by MTO via a Canada-wide data, exchange system. These out-of-province convictions will appear on a Carrier CVOR Abstract (Level II).

Inspections

An officer may conduct an inspection of a commercial motor vehicle. Inspections are conducted according to the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) standards, which are applied by all jurisdictions across North America. Inspections can result in the following findings:

  • Defects
  • Out-of-service defects
  • Critical defects that can cause the vehicle to be impounded

Driver or vehicle inspection categories that do not meet the minimum standard are considered out-of-service.

When mechanical defects exceed the critical defect criteria, the ministry may impound the vehicle. In such a situation, extra points are not added on the CVOR record. However, this event does appear on the CVOR record, and could result in the operator being recommended for an intervention.

All levels of CVSA inspections performed by an officer anywhere in Canada will appear on a carrier abstract. This includes passed inspections, as well as those with defects and defects that are out-of-service.

There are five levels of CVSA inspections that Ontario monitors on a CVOR abstract:

  • Level 1 - Examination of the vehicle and driver (driver's licence, medical certificates and hours of service)
  • Level 2 - Walk-around driver and vehicle Inspection (components including those that can be inspected without physically getting under the vehicle, as well as driver's licence and hours of service)
  • Level 3 - Only driver's licence, vehicle permits, annual inspections and hours of service
  • Level 4 - Special inspections directed to examine a particular driver-related item or vehicle component
  • Level 5 - Vehicle inspection only without the driver present

Facility Audits

The results of a facility audit will be recorded on an operator's CVOR record.  An audit conducted at the request of the operator will be noted on the record as a voluntary audit.

Ministry Interventions and Sanctions

Ministry interventions and sanctions include disciplinary letters sent to the operator, interviews, audits and sanctions of fleet limitation; seizure of plates, suspension and/or cancellation of the operator's operating privileges.

Points

Collisions are pointed based on severity (property damage, personal injury or fatal injury) and impropriety (vehicle defect, driver action, driver condition) noted on the motor vehicle accident report from the police, or as indicated on a collision record reported by another Canadian jurisdiction.

Collisions with no impropriety or vehicle defects reported will appear on the operator's CVOR record but are not pointed.

The following table determines point values assigned for collisions that occurred after April 1, 2007.

Collision Weighting Table

Severity No Impropriety Factor = 0 Impropriety Factor = 2
Property Damage (Factor = 1) 0 2
Personal Injury (Factor = 2) 0 4
Fatal Injury (Factor = 3) 0 6

Convictions are pointed as per the conviction code table. Safety-related convictions are assigned a weighted value. Administrative-related convictions appear on the CVOR record but are weighted at zero. Contact MTO Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office for a full copy of the Conviction Code Table.)

Inspection points are assessed on out-of-service defects. One point is assigned for the first inspected category found with an out-of-service defect per unit, and two points for each subsequent category found out-of-service on the same unit. Each vehicle in a combination of vehicles is counted as a unit. The driver is also counted as a unit, but not any co-driver. There are 15 vehicle-inspection categories and two driver-inspection categories.

Vehicle Defects:

  • Brake System
  • Exhaust System
  • Fuel System
  • Steering System
  • Suspension System
  • Frame
  • Tires
  • Wheels / Rims
  • Body
  • Windshield Wipers
  • Lighting System
  • Coupling Devices
  • Load Security
  • Emergency Exits and Wiring*
  • Dangerous Goods

* Motor Coaches and Buses only

Driver Defects:

  • Drivers Licences
  • Hours of Service

Inspection Out-of-Service Rates

There are three out-of-service rates: overall, vehicle and driver.

The overall inspection out-of-service rate is the percentage of total inspections conducted in the displayed time period that had out-of-service defects. For example, if an operator had six inspections in 24 months, and three inspections had out-of-service defects, then the overall out-of-service rate is 50 percent.

The vehicle out-of-service rate is the percentage of total inspections (excluding level 3) that reported vehicle out-of-service defects (levels 1, 2 and 5).

The driver out-of-service rate is the percentage of total inspections that reported a driver out-of-service defect (levels 1, 2 and 3).

In all cases, level 4 CVSA inspections are not counted in determining out-of-service rates. The out-of-service rates are shown on the first page of the Carrier CVOR Abstract (Level II).

Evaluating an Operator's Performance

The CVOR system evaluates an operator based on the events on its CVOR record, including collisions, driver and operator convictions, CVSA inspections and the results of facility audits.

Operators with vehicles plated in the US are evaluated on kilometres travelled in Ontario only, and only for Ontario events.

Interventions and Sanctions

The CVOR system automatically identifies an operator for review when poor safety performance is identified based on the operator's overall violation rate.

Predetermined stages have been established, at which point operator interventions or sanctions will be considered. When one of these stages is reached, ministry staff will determine the appropriate intervention.

The Deputy Registrar of Motor Vehicles may use other triggering methods to bring an operator to the ministry's attention such as significant incidents (for example, impoundments or wheel separations, unpaid fines, or chronic non-compliance).

All interventions and sanctions concerning a carrier’s CVOR Record are directed towards the corporate officer or senior official of the company. In this way, the individual who has control of and accountability for the carrier’s operation will be aware of the Ministry’s concerns regarding its safety performance and is expected to take the necessary steps to improve. This approach has proven very successful in improving operator performance. More than 80 percent of operators that are subject to an intervention improve their record to an acceptable standard.

Sanctions

A sanction is the most severe disciplinary measure that the Deputy Registrar may impose. It may result in a fleet limitation, plate seizure, or suspension or cancellation of an operator's operating privileges. Sanctions may also result in an operator receiving an unsatisfactory safety rating. Sanctions imposed by the Deputy Registrar take effect throughout Canada. As part of the sanction process, the operator will have an opportunity to show cause as to why the sanction should not be imposed.

Operators that exceed 100 percent of their overall CVOR threshold may receive a notice of sanction. The operator’s most senior official is given the opportunity to show cause to the Deputy Registrar of Motor Vehicles as to why its commercial vehicle operator privileges in Canada should not be revoked, suspended or limited.

Sanctions may be appealed to:

Licence Appeal Tribunal
20 Dundas St W,
5th Floor,
Toronto, ON, M5G 2C2
Phone: (416) 325-0209 or 1-800-255-2214 (within Ontario)

Violation Rates

Violation rate is the percentage of points that an operator has accumulated against the set maximum thresholds. The threshold is the allowable rate, expressed in a percentage, that the operator may reach.

An operator’s threshold is the maximum violation rate deemed acceptable for that specific operator. The violation-rate threshold is not the same for all operators. It is calculated based on the number of vehicles and drivers in the operator’s fleet and the number of kilometres travelled. (For example, an operator with more vehicles and travelling a farther distance would have a higher threshold then a small operator.)

Violation rates are accumulated based on an operator’s collision, convictions and inspections over, and up to, a 24-month sliding period. All events are given a point value, and if the operator exceeds their violation-rate threshold, intervention and sanctions will be applied in a progressive action. (For example, an operator that exceeds 35 percent of their allowable threshold may be subject to a warning letter.)

The CVOR system calculates the operator's violation rates for collisions and convictions based on the total number of points accumulated over, and up to, a 24-month sliding period, compared to the threshold values established for that operator's kilometric rate of travel during that same period. For inspections, the total points accumulated in any given period, up to a maximum of 24 months, are compared with the threshold points established based on the number of units (drivers and vehicles) inspected during that same period These individual thresholds are combined to arrive at an overall violation rate with collisions and convictions weighted double to inspections.

As new events and points are recorded, those older than 24 months drop off. The formula is based on a 24-month period or the number of months since the start of the operator's CVOR record, whichever is less. The violation rate is converted to a percentage of the operator's threshold. Appropriate ministry interventions and sanctions are triggered by the CVOR system if an operator reaches various levels of its threshold.

Note: For details of the threshold-value tables, threshold formulas and sample calculations of kilometric rate of travel, violation rates and percentages of threshold calculations of how you arrive at your violation rate, see Appendix A.

The Deputy Registrar may authorize appropriate interventions and sanctions in cases not triggered by the automated system.

Carrier Safety Rating

A Carrier Safety Rating (CSR) is a public label that is assigned to truck and bus operators. The Deputy Registrar of Motor Vehicles assigns a rating to an operator based on the company's safety record, which includes:

  • Collisions
  • Convictions
  • Inspections
  • Facility Audits

CSRs are available to the public. They provide information about an operator's safety performance. Insurance companies, financial institutions, shippers or users of an operator’s services can find out the operator’s CSR, which helps make informed decisions. Operators with good safety ratings can promote themselves to potential customers, whereas operators with poor safety ratings are easily identified.

Ratings

An operator receives one of five possible safety ratings:

  • Excellent
  • Satisfactory
  • Satisfactory-Unaudited
  • Conditional
  • Unsatisfactory

Operators with an acceptable facility audit may be eligible for an excellent or satisfactory safety rating (‘Audit Rating’ should not be confused with the actual ‘Safety Rating’ as the audit is only a component of the overall outcome). Operators that have not been audited will be rated only on the basis of their CVOR violation rate. The highest rating an operator without an audit may receive is satisfactory-unaudited.

Excellent Safety Rating

A carrier would normally be eligible for an Excellent Safety Rating if it meets all of the following conditions:

  • The carrier has at least 24 months of demonstrated operation in Ontario and currently holds a valid CVOR certificate,
  • The carrier has an overall violation rate of 15% or less of overall threshold,
  • The carrier also has a collision violation rate of 10% or less of the collision threshold, and
  • The carrier has been audited and achieved an excellent score.

Note: Once an Excellent rating is assigned, the operator must maintain both an overall violation rate no greater than 20% of overall CVOR threshold and a collision violation rate no greater than 15% of collision threshold. Failure to maintain these low violation rates will result in a safety rating downgrade.

Satisfactory Safety Rating

A carrier would normally be eligible for a Satisfactory Safety Rating if it meets all of the following conditions:

  • The carrier has at least six months of demonstrated operation in Ontario and currently holds a valid CVOR certificate,
  • The carrier maintains an on-road performance level of 70% or less of its overall CVOR threshold, and
  • The carrier has been audited and received a passing score.

Satisfactory-Unaudited Safety Rating

A carrier that has not been audited would normally receive a Satisfactory-Unaudited Safety Rating provided it maintains an on-road performance level of 70% or less of its overall CVOR threshold.

Conditional Safety Rating

A carrier may be considered for a Conditional Safety Rating if any of the following circumstances occur:

  • If the carrier’s on-road performance level exceeds 70% of its overall CVOR threshold.
  • If the carrier fails the facility audit.
  • Upon the expiry of a suspension or plate seizure.
  • If a person or company related to or affiliated with the carrier has an on-road performance level that exceeds 70% of its overall CVOR threshold or fails a facility audit.

Note: To be upgraded from a Conditional rating to a higher rating (i.e. Satisfactory-Unaudited or Satisfactory), the operator must maintain an on-road performance level of 60% or less of its overall CVOR threshold.

All Conditional ratings are in effect for a minimum of six months, except when a carrier rating is proposed for a rating downgrade from Conditional to Unsatisfactory. When such a rating downgrade is proposed, there are no minimum time requirements. During the six-month conditional period, the carrier is expected to identify and improve the components of its safety performance which resulted in the assignment of the Conditional rating. Following the six months, the Registrar may propose a rating based on the performance of the carrier at that time.

A carrier may be assigned a Conditional rating as the result of a failed audit. In this case, the carrier cannot improve its rating until six months after the date of the Conditional rating assignment. The carrier must pass a second audit in order to receive a new rating.

Carrier Safety Ratings and Normal Performance Levels

ON-ROAD PERFORMANCE
Overall Audit Score 0 to 151% of threshold >15 to 702% of threshold >702 to 100% of threshold >1003% of threshold
80% to 100% Excellent Satisfactory Conditional Unsatisfactory
55% to < 80% Satisfactory Satisfactory Conditional Unsatisfactory
0 to < 55% Conditional Conditional Conditional Unsatisfactory
No Audit Satisfactory - Unaudited Satisfactory - Unaudited Conditional Unsatisfactory

Notes:

  1. To be eligible for an Excellent Safety Rating, the carrier’s overall violation rate must not exceed 15% of its Overall CVOR Threshold and its collision violation rate must not exceed 10% of its Collision Threshold. An excellent rating will be downgraded if the carrier’s overall violation rate exceeds 20% of its Overall CVOR Threshold or if its collision violation rate exceeds 15% of its Collision Threshold.
  2. Once assigned a conditional Safety Rating, to be eligible for an upgraded rating, a carrier’s overall violation rate must be 60% or less of its Overall CVOR Threshold.
  3. A carrier is rated Unsatisfactory for the duration of a plate seizure, suspension or cancellation.

Note: Facility audits will not be considered for an upgrade to Satisfactory or Excellent safety rating, if the audit was completed more than 36 months ago.

-The Overall Audit Score is expressed as:
Excellent - if the overall audit score is 80% and all profiles are 70% or greater.
Pass - if the overall audit score is 55% or greater and no profile is below 50%
Fail - if the overall audit score is below 55% or any profile is below 50%.

Carriers that exceed their overall CVOR threshold

When a carrier’s overall violation rate exceeds its overall threshold level (over 100%), the system brings it to the Registrar’s attention. In most cases, the carrier will be considered for sanction such as plate seizure, suspension or cancellation.

The carrier will also be considered for an Unsatisfactory Safety Rating. The Registrar may propose that the carrier’s rating be Conditional until the sanction takes effect. The carrier will remain Unsatisfactory for the duration of the sanction.

Upon the completion of the sanction period, a Conditional rating will automatically apply. No rating higher than Conditional will be assigned following the sanction until at least 6 months has elapsed. The Registrar may, however, during the Conditional period following sanction, propose an Unsatisfactory rating where applicable, even though 6 months has not yet passed.

Safety Ratings for New Operators

When an operator applies for a CVOR certificate, a satisfactory-unaudited rating is usually proposed. The new operator is unrated for the first 40 days of operation while the rating is proposed and until the rating comes into effect.

Most operators will remain satisfactory-unaudited for the first six months of operation. However, if an operator accumulates points on the CVOR record or fails an audit, the rating may drop to conditional or unsatisfactory.

Disputing proposed Carrier Safety Ratings

A carrier has the right to send to the Registrar a written dispute of its proposed Safety Rating. The written dispute may include records as well as written submissions. The carrier must submit the written dispute to the Registrar at the address indicated on the Safety Rating letter within 30 days of being notified of the proposed Safety Rating.

After considering all submissions and records contained in the written dispute, the Registrar will assign a Safety Rating. The assigned Safety Rating may be the one that was originally proposed or may be a different rating than the one proposed. There is no further appeal from this assignment of a rating.

Deferred Safety Rating Status

A carrier may wish to upgrade its Safety Rating to Satisfactory or Excellent by volunteering for and passing an audit. If a carrier does not pass the audit, the Registrar will propose a Conditional Safety Rating. Carriers that have volunteered for an audit and failed the audit but have an overall violation rate of 50% or less may apply for deferred Safety Rating status by disputing their proposed conditional rating. The Registrar may defer the proposed conditional Safety Rating for up to one year if the carrier meets the following conditions:

  • The carrier must submit a dispute and include a written undertaking to address the deficiencies found during the audit, and
  • The carrier must agree to submit to a subsequent audit within one year of the notification of the proposed conditional rating.

If the carrier meets these conditions, the Registrar may defer assigning the conditional rating for up to one year.

The conditional rating will be assigned immediately if any one or more of the following conditions occur:

  • The carrier’s overall violation rate exceeds 50% of its Overall CVOR Threshold,
  • Six months have passed and the carrier has not yet requested a re-audit,
  • The carrier fails the re-audit, or
  • One year has passed and the carrier has not been re-audited or is not awaiting a scheduled re-audit.

A satisfactory or excellent rating, as applicable, will be assigned immediately if the carrier passes the audit or receives an excellent audit score.

Collision-Points Threshold

A collision-points threshold value is determined for each operator, based on its kilometric rate of travel per month in Canada (in Ontario, for US-plated operators), by all the commercial motor vehicles operating under the operator’s CVOR certificate. All operators with the same rate of travel, therefore, will have the same collision-points threshold. The collision violation rates of a large sample of operators were analyzed, and a threshold curve was established that identifies those operators with unacceptably high collision rates relative to other operators at a similar rate of travel.

The collision-points threshold formula is:


For rate of travel, R< 120,000 km/month
For rate of travel, R= or > 120,000 km/month
Collision Points
Threshold
Tcol = (1.363 X R0.217) X (n ÷ 24)
Tcol = (0.000144 x R) x (n ÷ 24)

Where:

  • Tcol = conviction points threshold
  • R = rate of travel (km/month)
  • n = number of months in the analysis period (maximum of 24)

For ease of calculation, collision-points threshold values have been calculated and presented in a "look-up” table. See Appendix B for the Table of Threshold Values. (Otherwise, the above calculations will require a scientific calculator.)

Conviction-Points Threshold

A conviction-points threshold value is determined for each opertor, based on its kilometric rate of travel per month in Canada (in Ontario, for US-plated operators), by all the commercial motor vehicles operating under the operator’s CVOR certificate. All operators with the same rate of travel, therefore, will have the same conviction-points threshold. The conviction violation rates of a large sample of operators were analyzed, and a threshold curve was established that identifies those operators with unacceptably high conviction rates relative to other operators of similar rate of travel.

The conviction-points threshold formula is:


For rate of travel, R< 120,000 km/month
For rate of travel, R= or > 120,000 km/month
Conviction Points
Threshold
Tcon = (2.54 X R0.235) X (n ÷ 24) Tcon = (0.000331 x R) x (n ÷ 24)

Where:

  • Tcon = collision points threshold
  • R = rate of travel (km/month)
  • n = number of months in the analysis period (maximum of 24)

For ease of calculation, conviction-points threshold values have been calculated and presented in Appendix B.

Inspection-Points Threshold

An inspection-points threshold value is determined for each operator, based on its frequency of CVSA inspections. The number of units inspected is determined by adding the total number of vehicles inspected to the total number of drivers inspected. All operators with the same number of units inspected, therefore, will have the same inspection-points threshold. The inspection violation rates of a large sample of operators were analyzed, and a threshold curve was established that identifies those operators with unacceptably high CVSA inspection out-of-service rates relative to other operators with a similar number of units inspected.

The inspection-points threshold formula is:


For "U" units inspected
Inspection Points
Threshold
Tins = 7.789 + 0.139 X U

Where:

  • Tins = collision points threshold
  • U = # of units inspected in the analysis period

For ease of calculation, inspection threshold values have been calculated and presented in Appendix B.

Appendix A - CVOR Formula

CVOR Calculations

How Is an Operator’s Monthly Rate of Travel Calculated?

An operator’s monthly rate of travel in Canada during a specific time period is used to determine the collision- and conviction-points threshold. Operators must report a significant change in their rate of travel. Consequently, a determination of the operator’s collision- or conviction-violation rate may contain multiple-assessment time periods. The following procedure is followed to calculate monthly rate of travel.

1. Operator calculates the total number of commercial motor vehicles operated in Ontario under the operator’s CVOR certificate.

  • Include power units plated in Ontario that are owned, leased or rented by the operator and any plated in Ontario that are operated under contract with Owner/Operators.
  • Include power units plated in the US or Mexico that operate in Ontario.
  • Exclude power units operated by the operator that are plated in other Canadian jurisdictions.
  • Exclude all trailers.
For Example:

Bob owns 10 highway tractors, of which eight are plated in Ontario and two are plated in Manitoba. He leases five trucks, all plated in Ontario. He also employs five owner/operators, all with Ontario plates. The total number of commercial motor vehicles that Bob operates under his CVOR certificate is: 8 + 5 + 5 = 18 commercial motor vehicles

2. Calculate the total kilometres traveled per month by the fleet in Canada, by specific time periods that reflect different rates of travel in Canada.

Total kilometres travelled in a specified time period in Canada by the operator’s fleet divided by the number of months in the time period equal the monthly rate of travel in Canada (km/month).

For Example:

Period 1: (2010 07 01 to 2010 12 31) - 6 months

Total kilometres travelled in Ontario by the fleet of 18 vehicles = 516,000 km.
Total kilometres travelled in the rest of Canada by the fleet of 18 vehicles = 324,000 km.
Total kilometres travelled outside Canada by the fleet of 18 vehicles = 216,000 km.
Monthly rate of travel in Canada = (516,000 + 324,000) ÷ 6 = 140,000 km/month.

Period 2: (2010 01 01 to 2011 06 30) - 18 months

Total kilometres travelled in Ontario by the fleet of 18 vehicles = 1,296,000 km.
Total kilometres travelled in the rest of Canada by the fleet of 18 vehicles = 324,000 km.
Total kilometres travelled outside Canada by the fleet of 18 vehicles = 1,944,000 km.
Monthly rate of travel in Canada = (1,296,000 + 324,000) ÷ 18 = 90,000 km/month.

How Are the Collision Violation Rate and Percentage of Threshold Calculated?

Using the data collected from police accident reports, collision demerit points are assigned according to the collision weighting table.

A collision is considered to have "impropriety” if the accident report indicates something other than "normal” under vehicle condition (fields 31and 32), driver action (fields 33 and 34) or driver condition (fields 35 and 36).

For Example:

An operator with a rate of travel of 144,000 km/month in period 1 (six months) and 90,000 km/month in period 2 (18 months) had the following four collisions in the past 24-month period (this period does not include the most recent 30 days):

  • one involving property damage and no impropriety in period 1 (0 points)
  • one involving personal injury and impropriety in period 1 (4 points)
  • one involving a fatality and no impropriety in period 2 (0 points)
  • one involving property damage and impropriety in period 2 (2 points)

The collision-violation rate would be calculated in the following manner:

Step 1:

Calculate the total collision points in each period.
Period 1: 0 + 4 = 4 (total collision points in period 1)
Period 2: 0 + 2 = 2 (total collision points in period 2)

Step 2:

Determine the collision-threshold points for each rate of travel, for a 24-month period. Consult the Table of Threshold Values (see Appendix B) to determine the threshold points for a 24-month period for an operator with a travel rate of 140,000 km/month and 90,000 km/month.

Rate 1: At 140,000 km/month, the collision-threshold point value is 20.16 for a 24-month period.

Rate 2: At 90,000 km/month, the collision-threshold point value is 16.20 for a 24-month period.

Step 3:

Prorate the points for a 24-month period by the number of months in each period to determine the threshold value for that period.

Collision-threshold points in period 1 = 20.16 x (6 ÷ 24) = 5.04 points.

Collision-threshold points in period 2 = 16.20 x (18 ÷ 24) = 12.15 points.

Step 4:

To calculate the percentage of threshold for each period, divide the points assigned in the period by the collision threshold points (x 100%).

Period 1: Percentage of threshold = 100% x (4 ÷ 5.04) = 79.37%.

Period 2: Percentage of threshold = 100% x (2 ÷ 12.15) = 16.46%.

Step 5:

To calculate the overall collision-violation rate for the 24-month period, prorate it in proportion to the time in each period.

Overall collision-violation rate (24-month period)
= (79.37% x 6) + (16.46% x 18) ÷ 24
= (476.22% + 296.28%) ÷ 24
= 32.19%

How Are the Conviction - Violation Rate and Percentage of Threshold Calculated?

The CVOR system assigns points to safety-related convictions as indicated in the Conviction Code Table

To have a copy of the Conviction Code Table sent to you, contact Carrier Sanctions and Investigation Office.

For Example:

The same operator described previously with monthly travel rates of 140,000 km/month (period 1) and 90,000 km/month (period 2) also had the following four convictions in the past 24-month period (this period does not include the most recent 30 days):

  • Failure to make daily log in period 1 (3 points)
  • Overweight - dual axle over 2,000 kilograms in period 2 (3 points)
  • Drive motor vehicle - failure to display plates in period 2 (0 points)
  • Fail to inspect/repair/maintain according to standard in period 2 (2 points)

The conviction-violation rate would be calculated in the following manner:

Step 1

Calculate the total conviction points in each period.
Period 1: 3 (total conviction points in period 1)
Period 2: 3 + 0 + 2 = 5 (total conviction points in period 2)

Step 2

Determine the allowable conviction-threshold points for each rate of travel, for a 24- month period. Consult the Table of Threshold Values (see Appendix B) to determine the threshold points for a 24-month period for a operator with a travel rate of 140,000 km/month and 90,000 km/month.

Rate 1: At 140,000 km/month, the allowable conviction-threshold points value is 46.34 for a 24-month period.

Rate 2: At 90,000 km/month, the allowable-conviction threshold points value is 37.07 for a 24-month period.

Step 3

Prorate the allowable points for a 24-month period by the number of months in each period.
Allowable points in period 1 = 46.34 x (6 ÷ 24) = 11.59 points.
Allowable points in period 2 = 37.07 x (18 ÷ 24) = 27.80 points.

Step 4

To calculate the percentage of threshold for each period, divide the points assigned in the period by the allowable points.

Period 1: Percentage of threshold = 100% x (3 ÷ 11.59) = 25.88%.
Period 2: Percentage of threshold = 100% x (5 ÷ 27.80) = 17.99%.

Step 5

To calculate the overall conviction-violation rate for the 24-month period, prorate it in proportion to the time in each period.

Overall conviction-violation rate (24-month period) = (25.88% x 6) + (17.99% x 18) ÷ 24
= (155.28% + 323.82%) ÷ 24
= 19.96%

How Are the "Number of Units Inspected" for a CVSA Inspection Calculated?

The inspection-points threshold value varies with the number of units inspected, as opposed to varying with the rate of kilometric travel, which is used to calculate the collision- and conviction-threshold values. The number of units inspected is the sum of all the vehicles and drivers inspected in all inspections within the analysis period.

For Example:

Level 1, 2 or 4 inspection, tractor and 1 semi-trailer (3 units inspected - 2 vehicles, 1 driver)

Level 3 inspection, with no vehicle defects indicated, straight truck, trailer converter dolly and semi-trailer (1 driver inspected)

Level 5 inspection, tractor and semi-trailer (2 vehicles inspected)

How are the Inspection Violation Rate and Percentage of Threshold calculated?

The CVOR system assigns points to CVSA out-of-service inspection categories, as defined by CCMTA. One point is assigned for each category that is out-of-service per unit. If a vehicle (or driver) has multiple categories out of service, these additional categories are assigned two points each. There are a total of 15 vehicle and two driver categories.

Driver out-of-service points are weighted at 68.75 percent of vehicle out-of-service points, based on the "Predictive Analysis” study that indicated a higher probability of future collisions related to vehicle defects than to driver defects. The violation rate is the total (weighted) points assigned for all inspections, divided by the inspection-points threshold value, and is expressed as a percentage of threshold.

For Example:

Assume the same operator described previously has been inspected three times in the 24-month analysis period. There is no need to break the time into the two periods related to different travel rates, since the inspection-threshold formula only varies with the number of units inspected. (Note: The 24-month period does not include the most recent 30 days.) For ease of understanding, the inspections shown below describe "category defects” as they will appear on a CVOR carrier abstract.

Inspection 1: Level 1

Unit inspected Defect - *indicates "out-of-service” Dr pts. Veh pts.
Driver *Category - Drivers Licences:Drivers Licences - Improper Licence 1
*Category - Hours of Work :Cycle - drive after 70 hours in 7days* 2
Truck Tractor *Category - Tires:Tires - Tread Depth*:Tires - Ply Separation 1
Trailer *Category - Brakes - Adjustment:Brakes - Adjustment 1
3 units inspected Total points assigned 3 2

Inspection 2: Level 3

Unit inspected Defect - *indicates "out-of-service” Dr pts. Veh pts.
Driver *Category - Drivers Licences:Fail to produce 1
*Category - Seat Belt:Fail to wear 0 (not OOS)
Truck Tractor (Not applicable) 0
Trailer (Not applicable) 0
3 units inspected Total points assigned 1 0

Inspection 3: Level 5

Unit inspected Defect - *indicates "out-of-service” Dr pts. Veh pts.
Driver (Not applicable) 0
Truck Tractor *Category - Suspension System:Coil spring broken* 1
Trailer (No defects recorded) 0
3 units inspected Total points assigned 0 1

Calculations

Step 1

Calculate the total units inspected for the three inspections.
Inspection 1, Level 1 = 3 units inspected. (1 driver and 2 vehicles)
Inspection 2, Level 3 = 1 unit inspected. (1 driver)
Inspection 1, Level 5 = 2 units inspected. (1 driver and 1 vehicle)
Total units inspected = 6

Step 2

Determine the inspection-threshold value from the table in Appendix B. For six units inspected, the allowable inspection threshold points = 8.62.

Step 3:

Determine the operator’s total inspection points, where driver points are weighted at
68.75 percent of vehicle points.

Total inspection points = 1 x vehicle points + 0.6875 x driver points.
= 1 x (2 + 0 + 1) + 0.6875 x (3 + 1 + 0)
= 3 + 2.75
= 5.75 inspection points.

Step 4:

Determine the operator’s inspection-violation rate, expressed as a percentage of threshold.

Inspection-violation rate = 100% x (5.75 ÷ 8.62)
= 66.71%

How Does the CVOR System Calculate an Operator's Overall Performance?

The operator’s overall performance is determined by combining its collision-, conviction- and inspection-performance values in the proportions of 2 to 2 to 1. The overall performance measure formula is:

Overall Performance: Po = (2 X Pcol + 2 X Pcon + Pins) ÷ 5

Where:
Po = Overall Performance
Pcol = Collision Performance
Pcon = Conviction Performance
Pins = Inspection Performance

When an operator’s overall violation rate exceeds 1 (100 percent), it is said to be "over threshold” and may be subject to sanctioning by the Deputy Registrar of Motor Vehicles.

Remember that the overall-percent- of- threshold calculation weights collisions and convictions at double the severity of inspections (2:2:1 ratio).

Step 1

Multiply both the percent-of- collision threshold (32.19) and the percent-of-conviction threshold (19.96) by 2, and add the percent-of-inspection threshold (65.64).
2 x 32.19% + 2 x 19.96% + 66.71% = 171.01%

Step 2

Divide the value in Step 1 (171.01 percent) by five to derive the percent-of-overall threshold.

Percent of Overall Threshold = 171.01% ÷ 5
= 34.20%

This value represents the operator’s overall violation rate as a percentage of its overall threshold.

Appendix B - Threshold Values

Collisions

Definition of Column Headings

Rate of travel - km/month (R): The total kilometres travelled per month in Canada (in Ontario, for US-plated operators), for all commercial motor vehicles operating under the operator’s CVOR certificate.

Collision-threshold points (Y col ): The number of collision points in a given period for a specified rate of travel that will result in being at 100 percent of collision threshold.

Y col = ( 1.363 x R 0.217 ) ( # months/24 ), for R < 120,000 km/month
Y col = ( 0.000144 x R ) ( # months/24 ), for R = or > 120,000 km/month

Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

100

3.70

0.154

1,000

6.10

0.254

2,000

7.09

0.296

3,000

7.75

0.323

4,000

8.24

0.344

5,000

8.65

0.361

6,000

9.00

0.375

7,000

9.31

0.388

8,000

9.58

0.399

9,000

9.83

0.410

10,000

10.06

0.419

11,000

10.27

0.428

12,000

10.46

0.436

13,000

10.65

0.444

14,000

10.82

0.451

15,000

10.98

0.458

16,000

11.14

0.464

17,000

11.29

0.470

18,000

11.43

0.476

19,000

11.56

0.482

20,000

11.69

0.487

21,000

11.81

0.492

22,000

11.93

0.497

23,000

12.05

0.502

24,000

12.16

0.507



Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

25,000

12.27

0.511

26,000

12.37

0.516

27,000

12.48

0.520

28,000

12.58

0.524

29,000

12.67

0.526

30,000

12.77

0.532

31,000

12.86

0.536

32,000

12.95

0.539

33,000

13.03

0.543

34,000

13.12

0.547

35,000

13.20

0.550

36,000

13.28

0.553

37,000

13.36

0.557

38,000

13.44

0.560

39,000

13.51

0.563

40,000

13.59

0.566

41,000

13.66

0.569

42,000

13.73

0.572

43,000

13.80

0.575

44,000

13.87

0.578

45,000

13.94

0.581

46,000

14.01

0.584

47,000

14.07

0.586

48,000

14.14

0.589

49,000

14.20

0.592



Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

50,000

14.26

0.594

51,000

14.32

0.597

52,000

14.38

0.599

53,000

14.44

0.602

54,000

14.50

0.604

55,000

14.56

0.607

56,000

14.62

0.609

57,000

14.67

0.611

58,000

14.73

0.614

59,000

14.78

0.616

60,000

14.84

0.616

61,000

14.89

0.618

62,000

14.94

0.620

63,000

15.00

0.623

64,000

15.05

0.625

65,000

15.10

0.627

66,000

15.15

0.629

67,000

15.20

0.631

68,000

15.25

0.633

69,000

15.29

0.635

70,000

15.34

0.637

71,000

15.39

0.639

72,000

15.44

0.641

73,000

15.48

0.643

74,000

15.53

0.645



Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

75,000

15.57

0.647

76,000

15.62

0.649

77,000

15.66

0.651

78,000

15.71

0.653

79,000

15.75

0.654

80,000

15.79

0.656

81,000

15.84

0.660

82,000

15.88

0.662

83,000

15.92

0.663

84,000

15.96

0.665

85,000

16.00

0.667

86,000

16.04

0.668

87,000

16.08

0.670

88,000

16.12

0.672

89,000

16.16

0.673

90,000

16.20

0.675

91,000

16.24

0.677

92,000

16.28

0.678

93,000

16.32

0.680

94,000

16.36

0.681

95,000

16.39

0.683

96,000

16.43

0.685

97,000

16.47

0.686

98,000

16.50

0.688

99,000

16.54

0.689



Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

100,000

16.58

0.691

101,000

16.61

0.692

102,000

16.65

0.694

103,000

16.68

0.695

104,000

16.72

0.697

105,000

16.75

0.698

106,000

16.79

0.699

107,000

16.82

0.701

108,000

16.86

0.702

109,000

16.89

0.704

110,000

16.92

0.705

111,000

16.96

0.707

112,000

16.99

0.708

113,000

17.02

0.709

114,000

17.05

0.711

115,000

17.09

0.712

116,000

17.12

0.713

117,000

17.15

0.715

118,000

17.18

0.716

119,000

17.21

0.717

120,000

17.25

0.719

130,000

18.72

0.760

140,000

20.16

0.840

150,000

21.60

0.900

160,000

23.04

0.960



Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

170,000

24.48

1.020

180,000

25.92

1.060

190,000

27.36

1.140

200,000

28.80

1.200

210,000

30.24

1.260

220,000

31.68

1.320

230,000

33.12

1.360

240,000

34.56

1.440

250,000

36.00

1.500

500,000

72.00

3.000

750,000

108.00

4.500

1,000,000

144.00

6.000

1,250,000

180.00

7.500

1,500,000

216.00

9.000

1,750,000

252.00

10.500

2,000,000

288.00

12.000

2,250,000

324.00

13.500

2,500,000

360.00

15.000

2,750,000

396.00

16.500

3,000,000

432.00

18.000

3,250,000

458.00

19.500

3,500,000

504.00

21.000

3,750,000

540.00

22.500

4,000,000

576.00

24.000

4,250,000

612.00

25.500



Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

4,500,000

648.00

27.000

4,750,000

684.00

28.500

5,000,000

720.00

30.000

5,250,000

756.00

31.500

5,500,000

792.00

33.000

5,750,000

828.00

34.500

6,000,000

854.00

35.000



Note: An operator’s rate of travel may not match an exact value in the tables. To interpolate a value, you may use the following formula.

Threshold Point = Test where
Test = Ta + (Tb - Ta) x (kmb - kmest) ÷ (kmb - kma)
Example :
Assume your kilometric rate (kmest) = 207.000 km/month.

Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Yest

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Yest

200,000

28.80

1.200

a

210,000

30.24

1.260

b



Point b (210,000 km, 30.24 points)
Your Rate (207,000 km, ?? points)
Point a (200,000 km, 28.80 points)
Test = Ta + (Tb - Ta) x (kmb - kmest) ÷ (kmb - kma)
= 28.80 + (30.24 - 28.80) x (207,000 - 200,000) ÷ (210,000 - 200,000)
= 28.80 + 1.44 x 7,000 ÷ 10,000
= 28.80 + 1.01
=29.81 points

Convictions

Definition of Column Headings

Rate of travel - km/month (R): The total kilometres travelled per month in Canada (in Ontario, for US-plated operators), for all commercial motor vehicles operating under the operator's CVOR certificate.

Conviction-threshold points (Y con ): The number of conviction points in a given period for a specified rate of travel that will result in being at 100 percent of conviction threshold.

Y con = (2.54 x R 0.235) (# months/24), for R < 120,000 km/month

Y con = ( 0.000331 x R ) ( # months/24 ), for R = or > 120,000 km/month



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

100

7.50

0.312

1,000

12.88

0.537

2,000

15.16

0.631

3,000

16.67

0.695

4,000

17.84

0.743

5,000

18.80

0.783

6,000

19.62

0.818

7,000

20.34

0.848

8,000

20.99

0.875

9,000

21.58

0.899

10,000

22.12

0.922

11,000

22.62

0.943

12,000

23.09

0.962

13,000

23.53

0.980

14,000

23.94

0.998

15,000

24.33

1.014

16,000

24.71

1.029

17,000

25.06

1.044

18,000

25.40

1.058

19,000

25.72

1.072

20,000

26.04

1.085

21,000

26.34

1.097

22,000

26.63

1.109

23,000

26.91

1.121

24,000

27.18

1.132



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

25,000

27.44

1.143

26,000

27.69

1.154

27,000

27.94

1.164

28,000

28.18

1.174

29,000

28.41

1.184

30,000

28.64

1.193

31,000

28.86

1.203

32,000

29.08

1.212

33,000

29.29

1.220

34,000

29.49

1.229

35,000

29.70

1.237

36,000

29.89

1.246

37,000

30.09

1.254

38,000

30.27

1.261

39,000

30.46

1.269

40,000

30.64

1.277

41,000

30.82

1.284

42,000

31.00

1.291

43,000

31.17

1.299

44,000

31.34

1.306

45,000

34.50

1.313

46,000

31.67

1.319

47,000

31.83

1.326

48,000

31.98

1.333

49,000

32.14

1.339



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

50,000

32.29

1.345

51,000

32.44

1.352

52,000

32.59

1.358

53,000

32.74

1.354

54,000

32.88

1.370

55,000

33.02

1.376

56,000

33.16

1.382

57,000

33.30

1.388

58,000

33.44

1.393

59,000

33.57

1.399

60,000

33.71

1.404

61,000

33.84

1.410

62,000

33.97

1.415

63,000

34.09

1.421

64,000

34.22

1.426

65,000

34.35

1.431

66,000

34.47

1.436

67,000

34.59

1.441

68,000

34.71

1.446

69,000

34.83

1.451

70,000

34.95

1.456

71,000

35.07

1.451

72,000

35.18

1.466

73,000

35.30

1.471

74,000

35.41

1.475



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

75,000

35.52

1.480

76,000

35.63

1.485

77,000

35.74

1.489

78,000

35.85

1.494

79,000

35.96

1.498

80,000

36.06

1.503

81,000

36.17

1.507

82,000

36.27

1.511

83,000

36.38

1.516

84,000

35.48

1.520

85,000

35.58

1.524

86,000

36.68

1.528

87,000

36.78

1.533

88,000

36.88

1.537

89,000

36.98

1.541

90,000

37.07

1.545

91,000

37.17

1.549

92,000

37.27

1.553

93,000

37.36

1.557

94,000

37.46

1.561

95,000

37.55

1.565

96,000

37.64

1.568

97,000

37.73

1.572

98,000

37.82

1.576

99,000

37.91

1.580



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

100,000

38.00

1.584

101,000

38.09

1.587

102,000

38.18

1.591

103,000

38.27

1.595

104,000

38.36

1.598

105,000

38.44

1.602

106,000

38.53

1.605

107,000

38.61

1.609

108,000

38.70

1.612

109,000

38.78

1.616

110,000

38.87

1.619

111,000

38.95

1.623

112,000

39.03

1.626

113,000

39.11

1.630

114,000

39.19

1.633

115,000

39.27

1.636

116,000

39.35

1.640

117,000

39.43

1.643

118,000

39.51

1.646

119,000

39.59

1.650

120,000

39.67

1.653

130,000

43.03

1.793

140,000

46.34

1.931

150,000

49.65

2.069

160,000

52.96

2.207



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

170,000

56.27

2.345

180,000

59.58

2.483

190,000

62.89

2.620

200,000

66.20

2.758

210,000

69.51

2.896

220,000

72.82

3.034

230,000

76.13

3.172

240,000

79.44

3.310

250,000

82.75

3.448

500,000

165.50

6.896

750,000

248.25

10.344

1,000,000

331.00

13.792

1,250,000

413.75

17.240

1,500,000

496.50

20.688

1,750,000

579.25

24.135

2,000,000

662.00

27.583

2,250,000

744.75

31.031

2,500,000

827.50

34.479

2,750,000

910.25

37.927

3,000,000

993.00

41.375

3,250,000

1075.75

44.823

3,500,000

1158.50

48.271

3,750,000

1241.25

51.719

4,000,000

1324.00

55.167

4,250,000

1406.75

58.615



Rate of Travel
(Km/month)
R

Conviction Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Conviction Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

4,500,000

1489.50

62.063

4,750,000

1572.25

65.510

5,000,000

1655.00

68.958

5,250,000

1737.75

72.406

5,500,000

1820.50

75.854

5,750,000

1903.25

79.302

6,000,000

1986.00

82.750



Note:  An operator’s rate of travel may not match an exact value in the tables.  To interpolate a value, you may use the following formula.

Threshold Point = Test where
Test = Ta + (Tb - Ta) x (kmb - kmest) ÷ (kmb - kma)
Example :
Assume your kilometric rate (kmest) = 207.000 km/month.

Rate of Travel
Km/month
R

Collision Threshold Points
(24-months)
Ycon

Collision Threshold Points
(per month)
Ycon

200,000

66.20

2.758

a

210,000

69.51

2.896

b



Point b (210,000 km, 69.51 points)
Your Rate (207,000 km, ?? points)
Point a (200,000 km, 66.20 points)
Test = Ta + (Tb - Ta) x (kmb - kmest) ÷ (kmb - kma)
= = 66.20 + (69.51 - 66.20) x (207,000 - 200,000) ÷ (210,000 - 200,000)
= 66.20 + 3.31 x 7,000 ÷ 10,000
= 66.20 + 2.32
= 68.52 points

Inspections

Definition of Column Headings

Units inspected (U): The number of units, including vehicles and drivers, inspected in a given period.

Inspection-threshold points (Y ins): The number of inspection points in a given period for a specified number of units inspected that will result in being at 100 percent of inspection threshold.

Y ins = 7.789 + 0.139 x U

Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

1

7.93

2

8.07

3

8.21

4

8.35

5

8.48

6

8.62

7

8.76

8

8.90

9

9.04

10

9.18

11

9.32

12

9.46

13

9.60

14

9.74

15

9.87

16

10.01

17

10.15



Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

18

10.29

19

10.43

20

10.57

21

10.71

22

10.85

23

10.99

24

11.13

25

11.26

26

11.40

27

11.54

28

11.68

29

11.82

30

11.96

31

12.10

32

12.24

33

12.38

34

12.52



Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

35

12.65

36

12.79

37

12.93

38

13.07

39

13.21

40

13.35

41

13.49

42

13.63

43

13.77

44

13.91

45

14.04

46

14.18

47

14.32

48

14.46

49

14.60

50

14.74

51

14.88



Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

52

15.02

53

15.16

54

15.30

55

15.43

56

15.57

57

15.71

58

15.85

59

15.99

60

16.13

61

16.27

62

16.41

63

16.55

64

16.69

65

16.82

66

16.96

67

17.10

68

17.24

69

17.38

70

17.52

71

17.66

72

17.80

73

17.94

74

18.08

75

18.21

76

18.35

77

18.49



Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

78

18.63

79

18.77

80

18.91

81

19.05

82

19.19

83

19.33

84

19.47

85

19.60

86

19.74

87

19.88

88

20.02

89

20.16

90

20.30

91

20.44

92

20.58

93

20.72

94

20.86

95

20.99

96

21.13

97

21.27

98

21.41

99

21.55

100

21.69

110

23.08

120

24.47

130

25.86



Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

140

27.25

150

28.64

160

30.03

170

31.42

180

32.81

190

34.20

200

35.59

210

36.98

220

38.37

230

39.76

240

41.15

250

42.54

260

43.93

270

45.32

280

46.71

290

48.10

300

49.49

310

50.88

320

52.27

330

53.66

340

55.05

350

56.44

360

57.83

370

59.22

380

60.61

390

62.00



Units Inspected
U

Inspection threshold points
Yins

400

63.39

410

64.78

420

66.17

430

67.56

440

68.95

450

70.34

460

71.73

470

73.12

480

74.51

490

75.90

500

77.29

510

78.68

520

80.07

530

81.46

540

82.85

550

84.24

560

85.63

570

87.02

580

88.41

590

89.80

600

91.19

610

92.58

620

93.97

630

95.36

640

96.75

650

98.14

660

99.53

670

100.92



Note:  An operator’s rate of travel may not match an exact value in the tables.  To interpolate a value, you may use the following formula.

Threshold Point = Test where
Test = Ta + (Tb - Ta) x (Ub - Uest) ÷ (Ub - Ua)
Example :
Assume you had 397 units inspected (Uest) = 397 units.

Units
Inspected
U

Inspection Threshold
Points
Yins

390

62.00

a

400

63.39

b



Point b (400 units, 63.39 points)
Your Rate (397 units,?? points)
Point a (390 units, 62.00 points)
Test = Ta + (Tb - Ta) x (Uest - Ua) ÷ (Ub - Ua)
= 62.00 + (63.39 - 62.00) x (397 - 390) ÷ (400 - 390)
= 62.00 + 1.39 x 7 ÷ 10
= 62.00 + 0.97
= 62.97 points

Back to Top