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I. Left and right turns
 

Approach:

Traffic Check - When approaching a turn, you must monitor the surrounding traffic ahead. Conduct a visual search of the intersection for other vehicles, pedestrians and objects.

Lane Change - You must correctly select the lane(s) for entering the intersection. This may involve completing a lane change to get into the appropriate lane.

Signal - You must activate turn signals on approach as soon as appropriate.

Speed - You must gradually slow your vehicle to allow for proper control and to ensure smooth traffic flow.

Transmission/Gears – You must select a gear that is appropriate for the vehicle speed and load, and that allows the engine to operate within its normal RPM range.

Lane Position – You must plan the correct pathway for entering and exiting the intersection.


If Stopping:

Smooth Stop - You must be aware of traffic conditions and complete a smooth stop.

Full Stop - Keep the vehicle under control while stopped. Do not roll backward or forward.

Stop Position/Gap - Stop in the proper legal stop position to see the area ahead. Stopping with reasonable space between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead allows you to to maneuver the vehicle if necessary. Move forward when adequate space becomes available ahead.

Wheels - Keep the wheels straight while waiting to turn. With curved sidewalks, the vehicle can be angled to follow the curb.

Traffic Check - Monitor the surrounding traffic ahead. Before entering the intersection, you must check to the left, ahead, to the right and behind to ensure the way is clear.

Turning:

Traffic Check - Monitor the surrounding traffic ahead, beside and in the mirrors.

Both Hands/Gears – You must maintain a two-handed grip on the steering wheel as much as possible during an intersection crossing. Minimize gear changes during an intersection crossing, and avoid all unnecessary gear changes. Any grade change in an intersection may also necessitate a gear change to maintain a consistent speed.

Speed/Right-of-way – You must complete the turn at a speed appropriate for the conditions. You must recognize and correctly respond to right-of-way obligations in making the turn. Failure to take own right-of-way will impede traffic.

Wide/Short - You must follow the path that is appropriate for your vehicle size and length. Do not travel too far away from the normal lane position, to avoid creating unnecessary space.


Complete Turn:

Traffic Check – You must make regular traffic checks to be aware of the traffic patterns that flow around the vehicle (for example, ahead, sides and rear).

Correct Lane - You must turn into the lane that corresponds to the lane you were in at the start of the turn. Turn into a lane that permits travel and acceleration without the added burden of attempting a lane change because of parked cars or other obstructions.

Signals/Speed/Gears - Signals must be cancelled so that other drivers do not get confused. Smooth even acceleration prevents damage to the vehicle. It is important that the vehicle picks up speed and does not delay other traffic.

Moves Right - Upon completion of a left turn, you must select the lane that provides the safest unimpeded travel for through traffic.