Electric and Hydrogen Vehicles

Frequently Asked Questions

To achieve its GHG reduction objectives identified in the Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP), the government is delivering a suite of initiatives aimed at increasing the adoption of electric and hydrogen vehicles. Together, these initiatives serve to reduce GHGs by replacing internal combustion engine vehicles with vehicles that have lower (or zero) tailpipe emissions and are powered by Ontario’s low-carbon electricity grid.

Accelerating the shift to low- and zero-emission vehicles will be crucial if Ontario is to achieve its climate change goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) to 15% below 1990 levels in 2020, 37% in 2030 and 80% in 2050.

The Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentive Program (EHVIP) supports the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs) by providing incentives for the purchase and/or lease of eligible EVs and HFCVs.

The Province also provides incentives for the purchase and installation of private home or business charging equipment, under the Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive Program (EVCIP).

In addition to incentive funding, electric and hydrogen vehicle purchasers/lessees are also eligible to use Green Vehicle licence plates, which allow no-cost, single-occupant access to provincial high occupancy vehicle (HOV) and high occupancy toll (HOT) lanes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) - Topics

Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentive Program (EHVIP)

  1. Which vehicles are eligible for incentives under the Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentive Program (EHVIP)?

    EHVIP provides incentives for eligible new, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and hydrogen fuel cells vehicles (HFCVs) that have not previously been registered and plated in Ontario or another jurisdiction. Vehicles must be insured and roadworthy.

    Eligible vehicles can be either purchased or leased within or outside of Ontario by the original purchaser or lessee but must be registeres in Ontario. Vehicles must meet all program criteria and cannot receive another incentive from another province/state or Canadian/US federal government.

    EVHIP applications for vehicles purchased outside of Ontario must be submitted by the applicant directly; dealer point of sale discounts cannot be applied.

  2. Only vehicles on the EHVIP Eligible Vehicle and Incentive List qualify for incentives. To be added to the list, a vehicle must:

    • be propelled by an electric motor which draws electricity from a battery or from a hydrogen fuel cell;
    • be capable of being recharged from an external source of electricity or refuelled with hydrogen;
    • have a Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) of less than $75,000 (this requirement does not apply to HFCVs);
    • meet all Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards;
    • have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 10,000 lbs (4,536 kg);
    • be manufactured primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways;
    • have four functioning wheels; and
    • be highway capable on all provincial highways (low speed vehicles, for example, are not eligible).

    In addition, to receive an incentive a vehicle must:

    • be a new or eligible demonstrator vehicles;
    • not have received an incentive previously under EHVIP or another electric vehicle program;
    • be registered and plated, for the first time, in Ontario;
    • be insured in Ontario and considered road worthy;
  3. What vehicles are not eligible for Ontario's Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentive Program?

    The following vehicles are not eligible for an incentive:

    • Vehicles that have been converted to plug-in electric or hydrogen fuel cell capability;
    • conventional hybrid vehicles that do not plug into an external source of electricity;
    • demos that do not meet program requirements;
    • electric vehicles that have already received an incentive;
    • used vehicles;
    • low-speed electric vehicles, electric motorcycles or electric bikes ("e-bikes");
    • off-road vehicles;
    • vehicles used for personal or business purposes by a dealership, leasing company, vehicle manufacturer or its employees/management;
    • vehicles used for education or promotional purposes by the dealer, agent or vehicle manufacturer;
    • service vehicles at dealerships or leasing companies;
    • vehicles with a MSRP greater than $75,000 or more; and,
    • Vehicles for which applicants have received or will receive an incentive/grant from another province/state or Canadian/US federal government.

  4. What incentive does my car get?

    On March 9, 2018, the Electric Vehicle Incentive Program became the Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentive Program, with the following changes:

    • Incentives of up to $14,000 will be provided for eligible hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs);
    • Incentives for eligible battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are now determined based on each vehicle’s all-electric range and seating capacity. The updated incentives vary from $5,000 to $14,000;
    • Incentives will no longer be provided for PHEVs or BEVs with a Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) of $75,000 or more; and
    • Incentives will no longer be provided for PHEVs or BEVs leased for less than three yearsAfter your work has been saved a link will appear under the page title. (36 months)

    Incentives for eligible vehicles are computed as follows:

    • $3,000 to $10,000 based on the EV’s all-electric range; plus
    • $2,000 to $7,000 based on the EV’s seating capacity;

    Up to a maximum of $14,000 per eligible EV, and

    • $14,000 for each eligible HFCV.
  5. Please consult the EHVIP Eligible Vehicle and Incentives List for a detailed listing of updated incentive values as of March 9, 2018.

    Note that incentives will be provided under the previous EVIP program for EVs ordered prior to March 9, 2018, provided the EV is delivered and the application submitted by September 7, 2018.

  6. How are EHVIP Incentives Calculated?

    EHVIP incentives are based on a combination of a vehicle’s electric range and seating capacity. A range- and seating-based incentives structure recognizes a vehicles capacity for zero-emissions travel and carpooling.

    Incentives have a maximum value of $14,000. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) with a Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) of $75,000 or more are not eligible for incentives; this restriction does not apply to hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs).

    BEVs and PHEVs with MSRP of less than $75 000, and all HFCVs

    Electric Range(km) Incentive   Number of Seats Incentives
    100+ $10,000   7 or more $7,000
    75 to 100 $9,000   5 or 6 $4,000
    50 to 75 $7,000   2 to 4 $2,000
    up to 50 $3,000

    Maximum Total Incentive: $14,000.

  7. What is the MSRP?

    For EHVIP, the Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) is the value of the base trim level for each model not including options, taxes, pre-delivery inspection (PDI) and freight. This value is set once per year and the MSRP value is provided by the vehicle manufacturer.

  8. How is all-electric range estimated?

    Where available, all-electric range is based on estimates from Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). NRCan uses a 5-cycle test to calculate vehicle fuel efficiency, adopted from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which has used this test methodology since 2007. Vehicle manufacturers are responsible for testing their own vehicles, following procedures prescribed in legislation. Where NRCan data is not available, MTO uses EPA data.

    The 5 test scenarios that make up the 5-cycle test are:

    • The City Test, which simulates driving in urban stop-and-go traffic;
    • The Highway Test which simulates open highway and rural road conditions;
    • The Air Conditioning Test, which tests driving in a warm climate with the air conditioning on;
    • The Cold Temperature Test, which reproduces the driving cycle of the City Test but in a cold climate; and,
    • The High Speed/Quick Acceleration Test, which tests performance at high speeds and with quick acceleration.

    Actual performance will vary based on an individual’s driving style, vehicle condition, temperature, weather, traffic and road conditions, and powered accessories.

  9. What is an eligible demonstrator (demo) vehicle?

    Demo vehicles are vehicles located at dealerships or leasing companies that are used exclusively for test drives by potential customers and have not been previously registered or plated in Ontario (or any other jurisdiction). They cannot be used for any of the following purposes:

    • Personal, promotional or business purposes by the dealership or leasing company or its employees/management; or,
    • Service vehicle by the dealer, leasing company or vehicle manufacturer; or,
    • Education, promotional or other purposes by the vehicle manufacturer or its employees.

    Eligible demos for EHVIP are either:

    • Demos with mileage less than 2,000 km at the time of purchase or lease; or,
    • Extended mileage demos with mileage between 2,000 and 15,000 km. These vehicles must be pre-registered by the dealership with the Ministry of Finance when the mileage was less than 2,000 by completing and submitting the Extended Mileage Demonstrator Vehicle Application.
  10. When can I apply for an incentive?

    You can complete the application and submit it (along with all the required documents) after you have completed the purchase or lease and your new vehicle has been plated, registered and insured.

    You must submit your application within (3) months (90 days) of the date your vehicle was registered and plated.

  11. Who can apply for the incentive?

    Individuals, businesses, municipalities, non-government organizations and non-profit organizations residing in Ontario are eligible for an incentive. EVIP incentives support the purchase or lease of eligible electric vehicles registered and plated in Ontario.

  12. Who is not eligible for an incentive?

    The provincial or federal government, their agencies and entities are not eligible for incentives.

    Vehicle manufacturers are not eligible for incentives.

  13. How long do I have to keep the car?

    If you buy your car, you must keep your vehicle registered, plated, insured and road worthy in Ontario in your name for least 12 months (365 days) from the date the vehicle was registered and plated in your name. If you leased your car, you must maintain the lease in your name for the term specified in the lease. You must also keep the car registered and plated in Ontario for the duration of the lease.

    If you do not meet this 12 month (365 days) requirement, you may be required to pay back the entire incentive as a debt due to the Crown.

  14. Are leased vehicles eligible for the incentive?

    For leased vehicles, the lease term must be a minimum of three years (36 months). They must be kept registered and plated in the applicant’s name, insured and operating in Ontario for at least 12 months (365 days) from the date of registration and plating.If you do not meet this 12 month (365 days) requirement, you may be required to pay back the entire incentive as a debt due to the Crown.

  15. How many incentives can I receive?

    Individuals may receive up to 2 EHVIP incentives per calendar year. Businesses may receive up to 25 EHVIP incentives per calendar year.

    Applicants interested in a greater number of vehicles are required to provide additional supporting documentation in their submission, which will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Exceeding these caps is at the sole discretion of the Ministry of Transportation.

  16. How do I receive my incentive?

    To receive your incentive, you must submit your application within 3 months (90 days) of the date you registered and plated the vehicle in your name. There are two ways to receive the incentive:

    • You apply directly to the Ministry of Finance who sends you the incentive; or,
    • The dealer/leasing company gives you a point of sale/lease discount, you assign the incentive to the dealership/leasing company and the dealership applies on your behalf via the Grants Ontario online portal.

    You must complete the application and submit a:

    • complete copy of the sales or lease agreement;
    • complete copy of the vehicle registration;
    • copy of vehicle registrations for any other electric or hydrogen vehicles for which you received an incentive;
    • void cheque (if you want an electronic funds transfer); and,
    • completed Extended Mileage Demo Form (if applicable).

    After you complete the application form, sign it in all the required areas and email the signed original copy along with all required documents to:
    Ministry of Finance at Electric.vehicle@ontario.ca

  17. In addition, please ensure that your application is complete, all required signatures provided and all necessary documents attached – processing of uncomplete applications is delayed until all required information is provided.

  18. Who do I contact if I have a question?

    Please contact the Ministry of Finance at:
    Phone: 1 (866) 668-8297
    Fax: (905) 433-5939

  19. Can I also receive an incentive/grant from other jurisdictions?

    No, you may not apply for or receive incentives for your vehicle from other provinces/states or the Canadian/US federal government.

  20. Will dealerships or leasing companies be reimbursed for processing applications?

    No. The dealer or leasing company is not allowed to charge a fee. Please inform the Ministry of Transportation if this occurs.

  21. How do new vehicle models become eligible for incentives?

    For each model, Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) must fill out the Vehicle Eligibility Submission Form for each model year and each trim level.

  22. How will my personal information being collected on the application form be used?

    Any personal information provided to the Ministry of Transportation in connection with this application is subject to disclosure in accordance with the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (Ontario). Collecting your personal information is established under subsection 118(2) of the Public Transportation and Highway Improvement Act and will be used solely for the purpose of administering and ensuring compliance with the Program.

  23. What happens if I am in non-compliance with the program conditions?

    Dealers and leasing companies that are not in compliance with EHVIP conditions can no longer act as an agent under the program.

    If you receive an incentive when not eligible for it, the Province of Ontario may recover the amount of the incentive from you. Any incentive payment received for a vehicle that is not eligible is a debt due to the Crown. The debt must be repaid (i.e., the money received by the Province of Ontario) before you can re-apply to the Program.

  24. Do I have to provide data?

    Recipients of the incentive will be required to provide information on their vehicle purchase/lease at the time of application and on their vehicle use for the first 12 months after the date the vehicle is registered and plated in the recipient’s name. This information informs the Ministry of the benefits of the program in relation to promoting the adoption of electric and hydrogen vehicles in Ontario and on the program's impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive Program (EVCIP)

  1. Who is eligible for the Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive Program (EVCIP)?

    Individuals, businesses, municipalities and non-profit organizations that have purchased a new or used electric vehicle are eligible to receive EVCIP charging incentives.

  2. What charging stations are eligible to receive an incentive?

    To receive a rebate, your charging station must:

    • be new and for residential or business vehicle use (not for public or customer use);
    • have a nominal voltage rating of 208-240 V (Level 2) only;
    • be designed to charge one car at a time (dual port charging stations are not eligible unless a household has at least two registered EVs );
    • be on the list of eligible charging stations; and,
    • have been purchased in Canada from a Canadian source (i.e. third-party certified or evaluated by cUL, CSA or cETL).

  3. Who is not eligible for EVCIP?

    Funding is not available under EVCIP for charging stations provided by businesses, municipalities and non-profit organizations and designated for public use.

    The federal government and its agencies and with all Ontario government ministries and agencies are not eligible. Electric vehicle dealers, leasing companies along with vehicle manufacturers and their respective affiliates are not eligible.

  4. How much are the EVCIP incentives?

    The EVCIP incentives are as follows:

    • 50% of the value of the purchase price of the charging station up to a maximum of $500. The charging station must be on the list of eligible chargers and have been purchased in Canada from a Canadian source (e.g., Canadian dealer, website, retailer, etc.); and,
    • 50% of the installation cost for installing an eligible charger up to a maximum of $500 (Persons undertaking the electrical work must be licensed electricians. Installation costs will only be reimbursed if the electrical certificate of inspection issued by an ESA (Electrical Safety Authority) is provided.

    To find a Licensed Electrical Contractor in your area, please visit ESA's website at: http://applications.dmtispatial.com/esa/.

  5. Can I get an EVCIP incentive if I did not get an EHVIP incentive?

    Yes. You can receive one EVCIP incentive for every EV you own, whether or not you received an EHVIP incentive for that vehicle.

  6. What chargers are eligible for an EVCIP incentive?

    The electric vehicle charging stations listed on the EVCIP webpage are eligible for an incentive. The charging stations on this list are from manufacturers who indicated that they could be purchased from a Canadian source.

    While the ministry tries to keep the list current, it cannot ensure there is sufficient inventory of these products at Canadian distributors or that it is available from a Canadian source. If the charging station cannot be purchased and delivered from a Canadian source, it will be ineligible for a rebate.

    Chargers purchased in the US or from the US (or another country) and shipped to Ontario are not eligible.

  7. Can I buy a charger that is on the MTO list from the US or a US website?

    No, chargers must be purchased from a Canadian distributer and picked up in Canada.

    Chargers purchased in the US or from the US (or another country) and shipped to Ontario are not eligible.

  8. What do I need to submit an application?

    You must complete the application and submit the following:

    • proof of purchase/invoice for the charger that confirm that the charger was purchased and picked up in Ontario/Canada; and,
    • proof of purchase/invoice of installation costs and a copy of the electrical certificate of inspection issued by an ESA (Electrical Safety Authority) to be eligible for the full rebate amount.
    • Copy of vehicle registration

    If the charging station invoice, installation receipts and ESA certificate are not provided, the application will not be processed.

  9. How many EVCIP incentives can an electric vehicle owner apply for?

    You are eligible for one charging station incentive for every electric vehicle you own. Dual charging stations are only eligible if two or more electric vehicles are registered at the applicant’s address.

  10. When can I apply for the EVCIP incentive?

    You can apply for EVCIP at any time as long as you have an electric vehicle registered and plated in your name.

  11. Can I do the installation work myself?

    Persons undertaking the electrical work must be licensed electricians. Installation costs will only be reimbursed if the electrical certificate of inspection issued by an ESA (Electrical Safety Authority) is provided.

Green Vehicle License Plates

  1. What are Green Vehicle licence plates and what are the benefits?

    Electric vehicle owners can get Green Vehicle licence plates for their plug-in hybrid electric and battery electric vehicles (instead of the standard blue plates). Green Vehicle plates allow vehicles with only one occupant to use high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) and high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes, at no cost.

  2. How do I get a Green Vehicle licence plate?

    You can get a Green Vehicle license plate at a Service Ontario location when you register and plate your electric vehicle. Similar to regular licence plates, a regular vehicle permit and licence plate fee applies.

  3. Which vehicles are eligible for a Green Vehicle licence plate?

    The following vehicles are eligible for Green Vehicle licence plates:

    • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) battery electric vehicles (BEV and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs) eligible for the Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentive Program (EHVIP);
    • Used 2010 or later model year PHEVs and BEVs; and,
    • PHEVs, BEVs and HFCVs currently operating in Ontario in limited numbers as part of a pilot study or test program.

    All types of electric vehicle owners (e.g., individuals, companies, joint and fleet) are eligible for a Green Vehicle plate.

  4. Which vehicles are not eligible for a Green Vehicle licence plate?

    The following vehicles are not eligible for Green Vehicle plates:

    • commercial vehicles weighing 3,000 kg or more;
    • low-speed vehicles;
    • e-bikes;
    • motorcycles;
    • off-road vehicles;
    • conventional hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs); and
    • and vehicles that have been converted to plug-in electric capability;

  5. Can I get a Green Vehicle plate without an EHVIP incentive?

    Yes you can obtain a Green Vehicle plate without receiving an incentive under EHVIP.

Public Electric Vehicle Charging

  1. Can I charge an electric vehicle at home or at work?

    Yes, provided that the electrical system in the home or workplace has sufficient capacity to supply the vehicle at the voltage and rate of recharging that it requires. A small vehicle may only require a conventional 120 volt outlet, already available in most home garages. Larger vehicles may need a 220 volt outlet (like those used for home clothes dryers) with adequate amperage rating.

  2. Are there standards for charging in Ontario?

    Electric vehicle re-charging standards are currently being developed by industry and the relevant professional standards associations. Ontario's Building Code and Electrical Safety Code already provide for the safe integration of EV recharging capacity in homes and other buildings on a voluntary basis.

  3. Is there an incentive for home charging stations?

    Yes, if you own an EV you may apply for an incentive of up to $1000 to support the purchase and installation of a private Level 2 (208-240V) home or business charging stations.

    For more information on home charging stations and how to apply for the EVCIP incentive, visit Ontario.ca/electricvehicles.

  4. Where else can I charge an electric vehicle?

    In addition to recharging at home, you can recharge your EV at publicly available charging stations.The Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) maintains a map showing where public charging stations are in Canada. Please consult: www.caa.ca/evstations/

  5. When will I see recharging points in GO Transit parking lots?

    GO Transit has designated electric vehicle parking and charging facilities at 11 GO Transit stations, and is planning for additional stations in the future. Visit GO Transit's website for more information about these stations.

Electric and Hydrogen Vehicles - General

  1. What is a battery electric vehicle?

    For the purposes of this program an electric vehicle (EV) is a vehicle that is powered by electricity and contains a battery to store energy. There are two main types of electric vehicles: conventional hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and grid- connected vehicles that include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs).

    Unlike HEVs, PHEVs and BEVs have larger capacity batteries that can be recharged by plugging them in to the electricity grid. Only PHEVs and BEVs are eligible for the incentive program.

  2. What is a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle (HFCV)?

    HFCVs are vehicles that derive energy by converting the chemical energy stored in hydrogen into electrical energy, which powers an electric motor similar to that found in an electric vehicle.

    HFCVs are an emerging zero-emissions transportation technology – they can be refuelled in about five minutes and release no harmful tailpipe emissions when driven – the only by-product of converting hydrogen gas into electricity is water.

  3. What's the difference among electric vehicle models?

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) run on a battery and electric drive train and also have the support of an internal combustion engine that may be used to recharge the vehicle's battery and/or to replace the electric drive train when the battery is low and more power is required.

    Battery electric vehicles (BEV) run entirely on a battery and electric drive train, without the support of a traditional internal combustion engine and must be plugged into an external source of electricity to recharge its battery.

  4. What is a hybrid electric vehicle?

    Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) on the road today can have two complementary drive systems: a gasoline engine and fuel tank; and an electric motor, battery and controls. Both the engine and the electric motor can turn the transmission at the same time, and the transmission then turns the wheels. HEVs cannot be recharged from the electricity grid - all their energy comes from gasoline.

  5. What is a low speed electric vehicle?

    In addition to highway-capable electric vehicles, a number of electric low speed vehicles (LSVs) are available in the North American market. LSVs belong to a federal vehicle class with significantly fewer federal safety equipment requirements than other passenger vehicles on the road. An LSV is powered by an electric motor, designed to travel on four wheels, and must have an attainable speed of 32 km/h, but not exceed 40 km/h, on a paved level surface.

    Ontario allows LSVs to operate on 50 km/h or less roads in certain controlled environments, and province-wide if the LSV meets prescribed optional equipment requirements and Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

    For further information on low speed electric vehicles in Ontario, please consult MTO's Low Speed Vehicles website.

  6. What are the benefits of driving an electric vehicle?

    Electric and Hydrogen vehicles have a number of benefits compared to conventional vehicles including:

    • Reduced emissions of harmful air pollutants and greenhouse gases
    • Lower operating costs
    • Lower maintenance costs
    • Less susceptibility to volatile fuel prices and reduced oil dependency
    • Quieter ride and reduced vehicle noise
    • Convenience (home charging for all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles)
    • Increased energy efficiency

  7. How far can an electric or hydrogen vehicle travel on a fully-charged battery?

    Most BEVs can travel from 100 to 400 kilometers on a single charge.

    Most PHEVs can travel up to 80 kilometers on a single charge and up to another 500 kilometers using the on board gasoline engine.

    HFCVs can travel up to 500 kilometers on a single refuelling.

  8. Can electric and hydrogen vehicles travel at the same speed as a conventional vehicle?

    Yes, highway-capable electric and hydrogen vehicles can travel at the same speed as conventional vehicles. In addition, their acceleration is comparable to that of similar conventional vehicles.

  9. Are electric and hydrogen vehicles safe?

    Yes. All electric and hydrogen vehicle manufacturers must meet stringent federal safety standards. Manufacturers have spent years developing the new technologies that make these vehicles possible.

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